ISSN 01370936
Ru | En
Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
Main RSS Search

Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2014, 3, 128 p.

To the 85th anniversary of Evgenia Davydovna Homskaya (1929–2004)

Glozman J.M. (2014) Evgenia Davydovna Homskaya: An essay on life and research work. . Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 3-7

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:95:"<p>
    A brief biographical sketch about Evgenia Davydovna Chomsky (07.08.1929—06.03.2004)
</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Pages: 3-7

Keywords: Homskaya Evgenia Davydovna; neuropsychology;

By: Glozman J.M.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014

Pluzhnikov I.V.(2014).Key approaches to the problem of personality in neuropsychology . Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta.Seriya 14.Psikhologiya,3,8-17

The article presents the overview of the basic approaches, concepts and directions in studying personality in neuropsychology. Neuropsychiatric approach is based on phenomenological description of personality disorders in patients with various brain damages. Neuropsychological studies of personality held in A.R. Luria school that are mainly present in works under E.D. Homskaya guidance, in order to experimentally study brain organization of personality suggest using structural-functional model that includes emotional, motivational and executive processes and self-awareness. Aphasiology postulates, that personality disorders are secondary to communication disabilities that occur in speech pathology. Finally, neuropsychoanalysis focuses on cerebral mechanisms of unconscious processes and personality functioning in different pathological models. The paper presents the results of the study held. With the use of neuropsychological syndrome analysis method 50 young adult male patients have been studied with pathocharacterological spectrum disorders divided in two groups: schizoid personality disorder (30 patients) and schizotypal personality disorder (20 patients). It has been established that both groups have specific cognitive disturbances that indicate frontal-parietal-thalamic connections. Lateral differences are revealed: neuropsychological symptoms that are associated with left hemisphere dysfunction are specific for schizotypal personality disorder; neurocognitive deficit that is associated with right hemisphere is specific for patients with schizoid personality disorder. Perspectives of personality neuropsychology are discussed.

Received: 05/28/2014

Pages: 8-17

Keywords: neurocognitive impairment; neuropsychology; personality; neuropsychiatry; aphasiology; neuropsychoanalysis; personality disorders;

By: Pluzhnikov I.V.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014

Kovyazina M.S.(2014).“Split” brain syndrome and factors of hemispheric interaction . The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,18-25

The results of complex neuropsychological examination of the subjects with various pathologies of the corpus callosum (CC) conducted by the author are analyzed in the article. In the survey were used method for the study of the formation of fixed installation in haptic sphere and perceptive priming method. The goal of the study was development of one of neuropsychological factors of hemispheric interaction. Split Brain Syndrome characterized as a neuropsychological syndrome and the symptoms of higher mental functions violations in patients with various pathologies of the CC are described. The author describes the primary symptoms of hemispheric interaction violations caused by commissure pathology. Second part of the paper discusses the point of view of domestic and foreign researchers on the functional role of cerebral hemispheres, their front and rear parts in the human psyche and behavior. In the third part of the article the author describes neuropsychological factor interhemispheric interaction associated with the CC activity. This factor is a syndrome-forming with the CC pathology of various origins. It is integrative as the result of cooperation of two associative brain areas. It could be determined as the factor of formation and reproduction of behavioral acts or psyche selfdetermination factor.

Received: 05/21/2014

Pages: 18-25

Keywords: pathology of the corpus callosum; functional brain asymmetry; neuropsychological factor hemispheric interaction;

By: Kovyazina, M. S.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014

Korsakova N.K.(2014).Neuropsychology of attention and Stroop Task. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,26-33

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1479:"<p>An established link between the intellectual attention and the activity of
frontal lobes in studies of E.D. Homskaya brings forward the application of
special experimental psychological procedures. The latter are characterized by
sensitized cognitive load and address both attention and memory. A modified
version of the Stroop Task (Shilko R.S.) was employed in the present study of
intellectual attention. 50 men ranging in age from 18 to 24 years with higher
or incomplete higher education took part in the study. Among the participants
there were 20 healthy subjects and 30 patients with schizophrenia in a paroxysmal
form, developed in adolescence. The patients were under medical treatment in
the Mental Health Research Center of RAMS. Comparison of intergroup results, based on the analysis of errors that were made by subjects in both groups, revealed
the features of memory and attention, specific for the cohort of patients. Unlike
the healthy subjects, schizophrenia patients revealed the types of errors which
in accordance with the system of neuropsychological qualification of errors are
typical for disturbances of functions of control and selectivity on different stages
of activity and levels of attention regulation (A.R. Luria’s qualitative assessment
scheme). There was ascertained a high sensitivity of the technique to study of
the dysfunctions of the frontal lobes and identification of various parameters
of intellectual attention.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 05/21/2014

Pages: 26-33

Keywords: cognitive load; attention; memory; intellectual attention; frontal lobes; hypofrontality; schizophrenia; neuropsychological qualification of errors;

By: Korsakova N.K.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014

Agris A.R., Akhutina T.V., Korneev A.A.(2014).Varieties of Unit I functions deficits in children with the risk of learning disabilities . The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,34-46

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1662:"<p>The paper presents results of the neuropsychological assessment of processes
involved in the maintenance of activation (Luria’s Unit I functions) in 64 firstgraders
who demonstrated various levels of academic success. On the basis of
this assessment, the children were divided into three groups: (i) the children
without any deficit in the Unit I functions (CONTROL children), (ii) those
predominantly showing slowness/fatigue (SLOW children), and (iii) those who
can be considered as predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (HYPERACTIVE
children). It is shown that, relative to controls, both SLOW and HYPERACTIVE
children show reduced academic scores and the decrease of most indices that
characterize functions of the Units II and III. The weakness of executive and
visuo-spatial functions are predominantly observed in HYPERACTIVE children,
whereas SLOW children usually show some deficit in processing of kinesthetic
(proprioceptive) and audio-verbal information. Children with functional
weakness of the Unit I functions show an overall reduction in performance and its
speed in the computerized versions of the “DOTS” and “SCHULTE—GORBOV
tables” tests. In HYPERACTIVE children, deficits are observed in the most
difficult tasks (those probing mostly into planning and control functions), and
their performance is the most unstable. In SLOW children, the performance
rate is noticeably decreased for the moderate-to-difficult tasks. Overall, the data
reported contribute to the understanding of the diversity of Unit I functions
deficits and their relation to the learning difficulties experienced by children in
the primary school.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 02/05/2014

Pages: 34-46

Keywords: attention-deficit hyperactivitydisorder; learning disabilities; developmental neuropsychology; computerized methods;

By: Agris, Anastasiya R.; Akhutina T.V.; Korneev A.A.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014

Krotkova О.А. (2014). Psychophysical problem and the hemispheric asymmetry. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,47-62

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:946:"<p>The data is analyzed in the article about structural and neurochemical brain
hemispheric asymmetry, which, together with results of neuropsychological
investigations, allow considering in a new way the problem of realization of psychic
events. Modern investigations of cellar and molecular processes in neural system
show, that the endogenous neural activity and the ways of neural self-organization
are in many respects defined by the composition of extracellar environment.
The complication of brain during phylogenies was accompanied by increasing
asymmetry of neural system at the same time the biological prerequisites for
differentiation of general “meanings” and one’s personal “sense” of the acquired
experience were forming. The asymmetric mediation of psychic events by cellar
and neurohumoral components of brain processing provided the opportunity for
appearing language and distinct subjective experiences in human.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 06/05/2014

Pages: 47-62

Keywords: psychophysical problem; the hemispheric asymmetry; memory;

By: Krotkova, Оlga А.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014


Psychology of motivation

Gordeeva Т.О.(2014). Basic types of motivation of the human activity: Needbased model. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,63-78

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1557:"<p>In the article the contemporary state of the problem of intrinsic and extrinsic
motivation of human activity is analyzed. The impact of Russian psychologists in
its solving as well as the self-determination theory approach (E. Deci & R.Ryan)
to different types of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is discussed. A new model
of intrinsic and different types of extrinsic motivation is proposed; it is based
upon notion of basic psychological needs and allows characterizing main types
of motivation of human activity, which differ in their content and origin. The
intrinsic motivation is described as based on basic human needs in achievement,
self-development and cognition (on the material of intrinsic motivation
of learning activity) which are characterized by unsaturability. The functioning
of extrinsic motivation depends upon satisfaction or frustration of autonomy,
respect and acceptance needs. Two main subtypes of extrinsic motivation are
distinguished — autonomous and controlled, which differ in terms of its content
(orientation), relations with performance, persistence and subjective well-being.
Autonomous extrinsic motivation does nоt impede academic attainments, professional
achievements and subjective well-being. The studies conducted by the
author and other psychologists show that the dominance of controlled motivation
in motivational profile is related to lowered subjective well-being and does not
promote academic and professional achievements. The practical implications
of the model are provided.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 02/12/2014

Pages: 63-78

Keywords: intrinsic and extrinsic motivation; basic psychological needs; self-determination theory; autonomous motivation; controlled motivation; learning motivation; professional motivation;

By: Gordeeva, Тamara О.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014


Extreme psychology

Magomed-Eminov М.Sh.(2014). Ontological conceptualization of the phenomenon of extremity. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,79-91

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:605:"<p>The paper presents an ontological conceptualization of the phenomenon
of extremity, which is considered in the context of personality transformation
in the trans-ordinary world. Methodological principles and scientific logic of
conceptualization are proposed and specified in the following concepts: the
experience of being and non-being, personality work, meaning and behavioral
personality work, positive and negative extremity, the meaning of life and the
meaning of death, the nature of the construction of psychological effects of
extremity — psychic trauma and personal transformation.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 02/17/2014

Pages: 79-91

Keywords: extremity; personality work; ultimacy phenomenon; binding principle; person’s sense structures; self-identity; motivation; passivity; activity;

By: Magomed-Eminov M. Sh.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014


Empirical studies

Kuznetsova S.О., Abramova А.А., Enikolopov S.N., Razumova А.V.(2014). Psychological characteristics of hostility in patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective and affective disorders. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,92-103

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1479:"<p>This article presents the results of an empirical study on the role of hostility
in the etiopathogenesis of mental illness such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective
and affective disorders. The relationship of the general level of hostility and
enmity with the qualitative aspects of the objective characteristics of mental
illness (duration and nosology) is described in the following article. The sample
consists of 161 people, of which the clinical group consisted of 81 patients who are
hospitalized in the 4th department of the clinic affective pathology. Comparison
was made with a control group of healthy persons, which included 80 men who do
not suffer from mental and neurological disorders. The study used the following
methods: semantic differential (modification by Ohmatovskaya A.V.), World
assumptions scale, Constructive Thinking Index (CTI), Cook-Medley Hostility
scale, Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, Wechsler memory scale, Wagner’s
“Hand-test” (modification by A.V. Gerasimov). It was found that mentally ill
patients were showing significantly higher quantitative measures of hostility,
compared with the norm. Psychopathological marked qualitative specificity
of hostility expressed in suspicion, ambivalence, extrapunitive and generalized
hostility. According to the results, hostility has not direct connection with the
nosology specific of the mental disorders, and does not depend on the patient’s
age and duration of disease.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 03/10/2014

Pages: 92-103

Keywords: hostility; mental illness; schizophrenia; affective disorder; schizoaffective disorder; bio-psychosocial model of etiopathogenesis;

By: Kuznetsova, Svetlana O.; Abramova, Aida A.; Enikolopov S.N.; Razumova, Anna V.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014


Discussions

Noskova О.G.(2014). General psychological theory of activity and problems of the work-psychology. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,104-121

The article discusses the relationship of the general psychological theory of activity and work-psychology. The achievements of labor psychology as a scientific and technical discipline that combines concrete scientific concepts and theories focused on the problem of social practice. These concepts include: approaches and methods of psychological study of professional activities, research projects psychological classification of occupations; theory of work motivation; research problems of intra-individual variability of human performance under the influence of workload, theory of functional states of the subject of work, including the correction of adverse varieties; the theory of differential and developmental psychology used in professional selection and career counseling; options for teaching about the psychology of erroneous actions used in quality management and safety; complementing studies of individual forms of labor; psychosemantic professional approach to the study of consciousness and self- work experience in the psychological study of foreign object activity as the basis of analysis of the mental processes and properties of the subject of work. As a result, the analysis concluded that the general psychological theory of activity performs in relation to the role of labor psychology philosophical and methodological framework and general scientific theory in understanding the psyche of the human subject of labor. It has the status of concrete scientific theory as applied to problems of professional development and training. Psychology of work, beyond training and development, require the development of specific scientific concepts and theories that complement general psychological theory of activity.

Received: 02/20/2014

Pages: 104-121

Keywords: activity theory; work; psychology of labour; social practice problems; scientific concepts of different levels; assessment of the applicability and adequacy of scientific theory;

By: Noskova, Ol'ga G.;

Available Online: 30.09.2014


Memories

The staff of the faculty of psychology MSU(2014).In the memory of Galina Mikhaylovna Andreeva. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14.Psychology,3,122-125

In the memory of Galina Mikhaylovna Andreeva.

Pages: 122-125

Keywords: necrology; Galina Mikhaylovna Andreyeva;

By: The staff of the faculty of psychology;

Available Online: 30.09.2014

The staff of the faculty of psychology MSU(2014).In the memory of Evgeny Alexandrovich Klimov. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14.Psychology,3,126-128

In the memory of Evgeny Alexandrovich Klimov.

Pages: 126-128

Keywords: necrology; Evgeny Alexandrovich Klimov;

By: The staff of the faculty of psychology;

Available Online: 30.09.2014


About Editorial Board Volumes Authors For Authors Contacts
Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 2007 - 2018