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Zinchenko Yu.P., Eskov V.М., Grigoryeva S.V., Maistrenko V.I. (2018).New possibility of the heuristic activity of neuroemulators. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 109-127

Relevance. Today there are no real models of the human brain's heuristic activity. In this regard, now it is absent real models of heuristic activity of the human brain, according to the accumulated experimental material, the possibilities of modeling two basic principles of the operation of real neural networks of the human brain was presented.

Goal. The proving of real neuroemulator possibility for system synthesis as a model of heuristic behavior of human brain.

Methods. We propose the numerical repetition of electroencephalogram registration (EEG) and construct the special matrix of their (EEG) comparison. For neuroemulator we propose the numerical repetition and choice value of weight of coefficient wi0for any diagnostic parameters xi(like for real EEG).

Conclusions. It is shown that such two procedures (reverberation and chaos) are identical to the heuristic activity of the brain. The brain selects the main xi* from the set of xi variables and at the same time we move from the phase space m to the new phase space with little dimension n (n<<m). The choice of the main xi*is a problem of system synthesis (finding of the order parameters). It is realized at the expense of reverberation and chaos to neural networks. We must mark: the artificial neuron nets emphasize demonstrate such behavior at every time.

Received: 06/22/2018

Accepted: 06/28/2018

Pages: 109-127

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.03.109

By: Zinchenko, Yury. P.; Eskov Valery M.; Grigoryeva Svetlana V.; Maistrenko Valentin I. ;

Keywords: reverberation; chaos of parameters; quasiattractors; systemic synthesis;

Available Online: 07.09.2018

Sidorov K.R., Vasilyev I.A. (2018). Technique for investigating the content of human goals. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 90-108

RelevanceThe motivation for this work stems from the fact that there are an insufficient number of tools in the Russian psychology that are suitable to investigate the content of human goals.

Objective. Development of a new method for investigating the content of human goals.

Methods. The method of incomplete sentences; clinical conversation; a modification of the projective technique of R. Emmons "Assessment of Personal Aspirations".

Results. A modification of the method of R. Emmons "Assessment of Personal Aspirations" is carried out. The changes made in the proposed version concern not only the incomplete sentences presented to the respondent for their completion, but also the scales of evaluation of personal aspirations (goals): their content, sequence of presentation, and the assessments used. For the analysis of human goals the following 17 scales are introduced: importance, clarity, difficulty, effort, the ability to focus, the degree of enthusiasm, joy, frustration, success in recent times, the probability of success, the influence of circumstances, control over one’s actions, progress, importance for one’s family, the degree of social utility, support, external-internal cause. The estimates of the proposed scales use six-point graduation: from 0 to 5. All the innovations made in the methodology are justified and the necessity of their implementation is shown. The author's interpretation of the data obtained includes: analysis of the content of the selected aspirations (goals) and their classification, which consists in revealing regularly reproduced goals, analog goals and development goals; analysis of the goals by separate scales on the basis of the respondent's evaluation judgments and by the connection of scales with each other; assessment of the influence of the goals on each other, which becomes harmonious or disharmonious. The approbation of the method and possible spheres of its application are discussed.

Conclusions. The declared method is correct, has a great potential for expanding the interpretation and allows one to better understand both the content of the goals and the means for achieving them.

Received: 06/08/2018

Accepted: 06/22/2018

Pages: 90-108

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.03.90

By: Vasilyev, Igor A.; Sidorov Konstantin R.;

Keywords: method of incomplete sentences; technique of R. Emmons “Assessment of Personal Aspirations”; the content of human goals; interpretation; modification;

Available Online: 07.09.2018

Korshunova S.G., Stepanova O.B. (2018). Categorization of the names of emotions in the subjective semantic space of their visual distinction by the circular characteristics “intensity” and “power”. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 76-89

Relevance of the study is due to the need for more detailed researching of categorization of synonymous ranges of names of basic emotions by the energy characteristics “intensity” and “power”.

Objective. Construction of circular categorical scales of the energy characteristics “intensity” and “power” in the spherical 6-dimensional model of emotions and analysis of language organization of the semantic structure of perception of their names.

Methods. Psychophysical method of revealing mechanisms for structuring semantics in linguistic consciousness based on a neuropsychological spherical model of vector coding of emotional-cognitive operations of detection and differentiation of signals E.N. Sokolov. Method of direct supra-threshold measurement of the subjective value of semantic differences between the names of emotions. Method of multidimensional scaling ALSCAL of subjective differences. The method of modeling the subjective semantic structure in the form of a spherical 6-dimensional Euclidean space. Method of measuring subjective characteristics in the form of circular scales in 2-dimensional subspaces. Methods for grouping and segmention lexical units based on the threshold values of their semantic differences.

The experiment involved 152 people aged 19 to 22 years.

Results. Circular scales of energy characteristics of «intensity» and «power» of emotions are constructed in the spherical 6-dimensional model of the semantic structure of the names of emotions by the combination in pairs of distinctive features-axes “inhibition/excitation” – “variability/stability” and “closeness /openness” – “acceptance/rejection” respectively. 8 and 10 categorical groups of synonyms are highlighted on the “intensity” and “power” scales with gradual values “norm” – “deviation from the norm”. The categories of “intensity” and “power”, expressing a high degree of manifestation of emotions, prevail. The general content for all members of each of the synonymous series on the “intensity” and “power” scales is indicated through their enumeration.

Conclusions. The mechanism of semantic grouping of the names of emotions into categorical classes and segmentation them among themselves has a uniform character based on the computation of differences and belongs to the energy characteristics “intensity” and “power” of emotions as well as the qualitative characteristic of the tone.

Received: 06/08/2018

Accepted: 06/25/2018

Pages: 76-89

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.03.76

By: Korshunova S.G.; Stepanova Olga B.;

Keywords: multidimensional scaling; vector psychophysiology; the subjective semantic circular scales “intensity” and “power” in the spherical 6-dimensional space; names of emotions; categorical property of circular scales;

Available Online: 07.09.2018

Karapetyan L.V., Glotova G.A. (2018). Research of parameters of emotional and personal well-being of the Russian students (the end). Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 60-75

Relevance. The relevance of the research is caused by the need of more detailed studying of the emotional and personal well-being of modern students for the purpose of rendering psychological assistance to them on its optimization.

Objective. The work purpose — the analysis of various aspects of emotional and personal well-being of students. Methods: "Self-assessment of Emotional and Personal Well-being (SEPWB)" of G.A. Glotova and L.V. Karapetyan, "Social and psychological adaptation" of K. Rogers and R. Diamond and "Attributional Style Questionnaire" of M. Seligman.

Samples: the main sample - students (n=430), comparison samples – non-student youth (n=608) and convicts (n=99).

Results. By a method of SEPWB it is shown that students on set of parameters of a self-assessment of emotional and personal well-being occupied an intermediate position between the group of non-student youth where estimates are higher student's and group of convicts where estimates of emotional and personal well-being the lowest; in a number of parameters of a method of SEPWB age distinctions between "younger" (17-20 years) and "senior" (21-25 years) student's groups are received; there were no significant differences between the female and male subgroups of students in direct comparison without taking their age into account, but when divided into two age subgroups (17-20 and 21-25 years old), gender differences were observed; a number of correlations of parameters of the SEPWB method and indicators of  "Social and psychological adaptation" method of C. Rogers and R. Diamond and "Attributional Style Questionnaire" method of M. Seligman were obtained; four types of the students differing with the level of a self-assessment of emotional and personal well-being on the basis of the SEPWB index – two extreme types and two intermediate are allocated: students with the SEPWB high index, with the increased index, with the reduced index and the low index of SEPWB.

Conclusions. The results confirm the possibility of using the "Self-assessment of emotional and personal well-being" method for studying the age and gender differences between students, as well as characteristic types of experience and assessment of their inner well-being.

Received: 06/08/2018

Accepted: 06/22/2018

Pages: 60-75

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.03.60

By: Karapetyan L. V.; Glotova, Galina A.;

Keywords: emotional and personal well-being; self-assessment; psychological correlates; age and gender differences;

Available Online: 07.09.2018

Konshina T.M., Pryazhnikov N.S., Sadovnikova T.Yu. (2018). The personal professional perspective in modern Russian adolescence: the value and sense aspects. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 37-59

Relevance. The necessity to research the self-determination of adolescents in the context of significant socio-cultural changes in the Russian Federation at the beginning of the 21stcentury.

ObjectiveStudy of the value and sense orientation of high school students in modern Russia at the stage of preliminary professional self-determination in adolescence.

Methods. Method of studying personal professional perspective (PPP) by N.S. Pryazhnikov; content analysis.

Sample: 240 pupils (133 female, 107 male) of 9th-11thgrades of Moscow schools, aged 14-17.

Results. An analysis of the responses of adolescents to the questions of the methodology of the PPP showed: 1) In 72,5% of answers high school students perceive honest labor as a value; 2) In 81,7% of answers adolescents recognize the necessity and value of professional education after school; 3) In 62,8% of answers the respondents express doubts, and the authors of 23,3% answers deny the value of complicated and expert labor in Russia; 4) 53,3% of adolescent’s answers reflect the wish to leave Russia or thoughts of such possibility.

Conclusions. 1. In the hierarchy of values ​​and sense orientations of modern adolescents in the area of preliminary professional self-determination, the most expressed values are self-development, qualitative education, career achievements, personal success, the perspectives of professional development and decent wages. 2. The adolescents demonstrate a high level of orientation in the current social and economic situation (the economic crisis in Russia) and admit that positive changes in society should be determined by the recognition by society of the value of complicated and skilled labor, the value of honest labor and the value of labor and education exactly in Russia. 3. The data of the study contains widely represented answers without justification, which may reflect the status of the moratorium in the value-sense self-determination of adolescents in the area of labor and vocational education. 4. The current economic situation in Russia is perceived by the surveyed adolescents as unfavorable. More than half of respondents consider the possibility of getting an education and/or moving to a permanent residence abroad as a variant of their professional future.

Received: 06/08/2018

Accepted: 06/22/2018

Pages: 37-59

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.03.37

By: Konshina, T.M.; Pryazhnikov N.S.; Sadovnikova T.Yu.;

Keywords: older adolescents; personal professional perspective; values; value and sense orientation; preliminary professional self-determination;

Available Online: 07.09.2018

Solenov I.V. (2018). Methodological potential of the cultural-activity approach to the study of altered states of consciousness (on the basis of religious practices). Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 21-36

Abstract

Received: 07/01/2018

Accepted: 07/01/2018

Pages: 21-36

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.03.21

By: Solenov, Igor V.;

Keywords: altered states of consciousness (ASC); cultural-activity approach; functional organ; unit of analysis; methods;

Available Online: 07.09.2018

Semenov I.N. (2018). А.N. Leontiev contribution in the development of psychology of thinking, engineering psychology and ergonomics. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 3-20

Relevance. Scientific and scientific-organizational activity of a world-famous psychologist A.N. Leontiev is a constant interest of specialists in the field of humanistics, methodologists and historians of psychology. In connection with the 115th anniversary of this outstanding scientist, it seems relevant to remind readers of the poorly studied aspects of his life creation.

Objective. Description of contribution А.N. Leontiev in the development of engineering-psychological, ergonomic and reflexive-acmeological problems in the 1950-1970's.

Methods. Science-research analysis (from the positions of reflexive psychology and personology), and methodological analysis.

Results. The author analyzes such aspects of the scientific heritage of A.N. Leontiev, as his fundamental research of productive thinking and scientific creativity, as well as applied developments in the field of engineering psychology and ergonomics. The fundamental contribution of the scientist to modern human studies and to the institutional construction of psychological science is shown. 

Conclusions. Scientific creativity of A.N. Leontiev in the field of psychology is interdisciplinary in nature, because it synthesizes the methodological orientations of modern humanities - natural science, technology cybernetic, social and humanitarian. The crown of the enormous scientific and organizational activity of A.N. Leontiev became a large-scale institutionalization of Russian psychology, which demanded from him not less vision and intuition, intelligence and will, diplomacy and energy than his outstanding creative activity in the field of philosophy, psychology, ergonomics and pedagogy.

Received: 06/20/2018

Accepted: 07/04/2018

Pages: 3-20

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.03.03

By: Semionov I.N.;

Keywords: A.N. Leontiev; personology; psychology; philosophy; methodology; activity; thinking; ergonomics; science-research analysis;

Available Online: 07.09.2018

Collective of authors MPUB (2018). To the 70th anniversary of Irina Georgievna Kokurina. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 118-120

This year Kokurina Irina Georgievna has her 70th anniversary. Our congratulations for the talented scientist and teacher, PhD in psychology, associate Professor of the Department of Social psychology, Faculty of psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University

Received: 04/03/2018

Accepted: 04/03/2018

Pages: 118-120

By: The staff of the faculty of psychology;

Keywords: Kokurina, Irina G.;

Available Online: 20.06.2018

Rasskazova E.I. (2018). Validation of the Russian version of the Goal Disengage­ment and Reengagement Scale. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 100-117

Relevance. Both personality and clinical psychology suppose many empirical examples describing the disengagement from activity and shifting to another one as quite effective: e.g., unfulfilled dreams and regret for them, severe illnesses or disabling conditions, etc. These examples demonstrate the importance of study of refusal from the goal and goal change as special self-regulatory processes that are not reducible to other processes of self-regulation (e.g., planning, modeling, achievement) and can be productive. Such studies require a validated measure.

Objective. The aim of this work was to validate the Russian-language version of the Goal Disengagement and Re-Engagement Scale, proposed in the self-regulation theory by C. Carver and M. Scheier.

Methods. 287 students and 4792 employees of a large production organization filled out the Russian-language version of the Goal Disengagement and Re-Engagement Scale (Wrosch et al., 2003a). The students also filled the Inventory of Styles of Behavior Self-regulation, a modification of the J. Kuhl’s Action Control Scale Test, a Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire.

Results. Both internal consistency and factor structure of the scale were demonstrated in both samples. The external validity of the scale is confirmed by the expected pattern of correlations with action / state orientation, behavior self-regulation and strategies of cognitive regulation of emotions. The results of the hierarchical regression analysis show that goal disengagement and reengagement differ from other aspects of  self-regulation of behavior not only structurally (at the level of their correlations with each other) but also functionally: after statistical control of the other aspects of self-regulation, goal disengagement and reengagement still predict a number of cognitive strategies regulation of emotions.

Conclusions. The psychometric properties of the Russian-language version of the Goal Disengagement and Re-Engagement Scale are sufficient for its application for research purposes. Further studies could focus on the differentiation of the process of goal change and other self-regulatory processes, especially their effect on the productivity, health, well-being.

Received: 04/06/2018

Accepted: 04/20/2018

Pages: 100-117

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.02.100

By: Rasskazova E.I.;

Keywords: psychodiagnostics; psychology of self­-regulation; C. Carver and M. Scheier self­-regulation theory; Goal Disengagement and Re­-Engagement Scale;

Available Online: 20.06.2018

Dolgikh A.G., Zakharova E.I. (2018). e content and degree of harmony of ideas about motherhood and fatherhood in youth. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 89-99

Relevance. The relevance of the study of youth representations of parenting is due to a number of socio-economic and psychological changes taking place in modern society, including the emergence of deviant forms of parenthood, the phenomena of mixing family roles and abandonment of parenthood in general.

Objective. The purpose of this study is to study the content features of representations of motherhood and fatherhood in girls and boys and determine the degree of their harmony as a condition of psychological readiness for parenthood.

Method. Content analysis of the respondents' essays on the topic of future parenthood, aimed at identifying the content of the features of representations of parenthood and the degree of their harmony in girls and boys.

The study involved 231 respondents (190 girls and 42 boys), aged 18 to 25 years.

Results.The main characteristics of parenthood as a special social role and activity: child care; creation of necessary conditions for the development of the child; education of the child; emotional support of the child. It is revealed that in the views of girls the most important function of motherhood is to provide emotional support to the child; in the views of young men about fatherhood - education and training of the child. The majority of respondents demonstrated a high degree of discrepancies of perceptions about parental functions related to the idealization of the images of the child and their own parenting and the lack of representations about the methods of implementing maternal and paternal roles.

Conclusions. The data obtained show that the surveyed young people are not ready to realize a parental role and require corrective work aimed at forming realistic, complete and adequate representations of motherhood and fatherhood before their occurrence.

Received: 05/10/2018

Accepted: 05/17/2018

Pages: 89-99

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.02.89

By: Dolgikh Alexandra G.; Zakharova E.I.;

Keywords: maternal and paternal role; representations of parenthood; psychology of parenthood;

Available Online: 20.06.2018

Karapetyan L.V., Glotova G.A. (2018). Research of parameters of emotional and personal well­being of the Russian students. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 76-88

Relevance. The relevance of the research is caused by the need of more detailed studying of the emotional and personal well-being of modern students for the purpose of rendering psychological assistance to them on its optimization.

Objective. The work purpose — the analysis of various aspects of emotional and personal well-being of students. Methods: "Self-assessment of Emotional and Personal Well-being (SEPWB)" of G.A. Glotova and L.V. Karapetyan, "Social and psychological adaptation" of K. Rogers and R. Diamond and "Attributional Style Questionnaire" of M. Seligman.

Samples: the main sample - students (n=430), comparison samples – non-student youth (n=608) and convicts (n=99).

Results. By a method of SEPWB it is shown that students on set of parameters of a self-assessment of emotional and personal well-being occupied an intermediate position between the group of non-student youth where estimates are higher student's and group of convicts where estimates of emotional and personal well-being the lowest; in a number of parameters of a method of SEPWB age distinctions between "younger" (17-20 years) and "senior" (21-25 years) student's groups are received; there were no significant differences between the female and male subgroups of students in direct comparison without taking their age into account, but when divided into two age subgroups (17-20 and 21-25 years old), gender differences were observed; a number of correlations of parameters of the SEPWB method and indicators of  "Social and psychological adaptation" method of C. Rogers and R. Diamond and "Attributional Style Questionnaire" method of M. Seligman were obtained; four types of the students differing with the level of a self-assessment of emotional and personal well-being on the basis of the SEPWB index – two extreme types and two intermediate are allocated: students with the SEPWB high index, with the increased index, with the reduced index and the low index of SEPWB.

Conclusions. The results confirm the possibility of using the "Self-assessment of emotional and personal well-being" method for studying the age and gender differences between students, as well as characteristic types of experience and assessment of their inner well-being.

Received: 04/01/2018

Accepted: 05/01/2018

Pages: 76-88

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.02.76

By: Glotova, Galina A.; Karapetyan L. V.;

Keywords: emotional and personal well-being; self-assessment; psychological correlates; age and gender differences;

Available Online: 20.06.2018

Fedunina N.Yu., Grushko A.I., Kovaleva A.V., Bannikov G.S. (2018) Case­study of psychological counseling of sport trauma based on Pierre Janet therapeutic method. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 56-75

Relevance.Professional sport has become more complex and risky activity in the last decades. Consequently, scientific and applied multi-disciplinary field of sport trauma attract more and more attention. Together with swift development of sport medicine and rehabilitation theoreticians and practitioners pay attention to the differences of physical and psychological readiness to resuming of sport training and competing activities. 

Objective.The article deals with the problem of psychological rehabilitation after sport trauma. Major types of interventions are discussed. Fear of re-injury is considered to be one of the key difficulties after sport trauma. 

Methods.The article presents the case of a gymnast with a strong fear of re-injury. Characteristics of psychological traumatization are depicted. Consulting scheme is based on the theory and practice of trauma in the works of Pierre Janet. 

Results.Three stages of counseling included 1) stabilization of personality and mitigation of acute psychophysiological stress symptoms; creation of a narration about trauma; 2) re-processing of traumatic memories and desensibilization; 3) reintegration and return to sport and competing activity. A number of methods were used to achieve the goal of each stage: cognitive-behavioral interventions, analytic interventions, art techniques, biological feedback, self-determination interventions. The dynamic of 10 sessions is analyzed. 

Conclusions were made on the necessity of psychological guidance, which should start shortly after trauma and be provided during the whole rehabilitation period in a systematic approach, including a sportsman, a coach and parents.

Received: 04/17/2018

Accepted: 05/11/2018

Pages: 56-75

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.02.56

By: Fedunina N.U.; Grushko A.I.; Kovaleva Anastasia V.; Bannikov G. S.;

Keywords: sport trauma; fear of re­-injury; sport psychology; gymnastics; Pierre Janet;

Available Online: 20.06.2018

Pogozhina I.N., Simonyan M.S., Agasaryan M.B. (2018). The problem of accom­panying individual trajectories of education in the epoch of digital childhood. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 40-55

Relevance. The individualization of education, the rapid expansion of the sphere of digital knowledge and the risks associated with cyber-socialization put the problem of a professional psychological organization and pedagogical “accompaniment” of individual trajectories of education for children and adolescents.

Objective. Identification the invariable elements of activity to support individual learning trajectories.

Methods. Analysis of literature; synthesis of theoretical and empirical (case study) methods.

Results. According to the comparative analysis of the approaches to the mentoring organization, the structures of the activities of the tutor, the curator (facilitator), the coach, as well as the essential and formal limitations of the various approaches in solving the problems of accompanying individual learning paths identified and described. It was founds that the compared approaches have fundamentally different attitudes towards the subject of activity. Academic tutoring is more effective in modern educational environments in comparison with curatorship and coaching. The stages of accompanying the individual trajectory of learning, carried out within the framework of psychological counseling for adults, were determined empirically.

Conclusions. The acts of transformations in the structure of the activity of an academic tutor fully correlate with the stages of tutoring humanistic counseling, and can be transfer to work with children, taking into account the specifics of each particular age and personal characteristics of the pupil. A general orientation of the activity on accompanying the individual training trajectory has been develop, which can become the basis for training mentor specialists and be used in the work of tutors.

Received: 03/14/2018

Accepted: 03/28/2018

Pages: 40-55

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.02.40

By: Pogozhina I.N.; Simonyan Margarita S.; Agasaryan Margarita B.;

Keywords: coaching; activity; orienting; individual trajectory of education; accompanying individual trajectory of education; tutoring;

Available Online: 20.06.2018

Salmina N.G., Zvonova E.V. (2018). Development of symbolic function in the concept of dialogue of cultures. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 24-39

Relevance. On the course of the history human development is attended by and is determined by development of sing and symbolic systems, cultural codes of different languages. Modern civilization dictates the necessity of active intercultural exchange.

Objective. Analyzing the problem of exploring the development of symbolic function being achieved as unity of affective (emotional, “personally experienced”) and cognitive (intellectual, “subjective and knowledgeable”).

Methods. Theoretical analysis of cultural typology presented by B.S. Bibler; structural and content analysis of the world image as a generalized construction of the social realm representativity in the human mind; objective and analytical approach to studying artifacts as social interaction mediated results.

Results. We substantiated the symbolic function as an individual mechanism implemented in culturally determined representation systems necessary for the emergence of interaction between individuals and for learning social implications. Studying the symbolic function presupposes analyzing those cultures where sign and symbolic means are created. Sign and symbolic means as cultural codes mediate human development and, at the same time, determine it. Signs and their systems being used in practical activity record achievements of human experience and allow creation of “cultural artifacts”.

Conclusions. The image of the world is represented in the culture, and cultural types indicate different images of the world in people belonging to those cultures. The structure of artifacts implements the function of the world image: representation of the structure, its logical links, and a set of tools for mediation in their symbolic role as well as the possible form of experiencing. Symbolic function is actively developed while learning. The content of polycultureeducation is focused learning of sign and symbolic systems’ principles creation and functioning. Instruments of activity themselves are considered as primary artifacts, and secondary artifacts are the rules of primary artifacts use.

Received: 04/02/2018

Accepted: 04/20/2018

Pages: 24-39

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.02.24

By: Salmina N.G.; Zvonova Elena V.;

Keywords: image of the world; culture; sign; symbol; symbolic function; artifact;

Available Online: 20.06.2018

Shaigerova L.A., Shilko R.S., Zinchenko Yu.P., Dolgikh A.G., Vakhantseva O.V. (2018) Cultural determination of mental health and psychological well­-being: methodological issues. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 3-23

Relevance.The growth of mental health disorders, psychological problems in modern society among different categories of the population, including representatives of different cultures and faiths and the lack of cultural development of specific approaches to understanding mental health and psychological well-being raise the problem of cultural conditionality of representations of mental health and psychological well-being in a number of important interdisciplinary problems, of high scientific and practical importance in such multinational and multicultural countries as Russia.

Objective.To examine the relationship between cultural context and mental health and psychological well-being.

Methods.Review and analysis of current research in the field of cultural conditioning of various aspects of mental health and psychological well-being.

Conclusions.The analysis of the different approaches to the study of representations of mental health and psychological well-being has allowed to establish that the existing differences in ways of coping with stress, the level of stigma in seeking psychological help have cultural conditioning and do not only depend on socio-economic living conditions, but also on subjective perceptions of these phenomena, as well as ethnic and cultural identity of people in a particular society. The urgency and necessity of development of new and cultural-specific adaptation of existing diagnostic tools for comparative study of ideas about mental health and psychological well-being within one territorially united society, which is characterized by high ethnic and cultural diversity, are shown.

Received: 05/15/2018

Accepted: 05/21/2018

Pages: 3-23

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.02.03

By: Chaiguerova, Ludmila A.; Shilko, Roman S.; Zinchenko, Yury. P.; Dolgikh Alexandra G.; Vakhantseva Olga V.;

Keywords: mental health; culture; psychological well-being; coping strategies; ethno­cultural identity; stigma;

Available Online: 20.06.2018

The staff of the faculty of psychology MSU (2018). In the memory of Yury Mikhaylovich Zhukov (05.07.1945—18.03.2018). Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 93-95

18 March 2018. died Yuri M. Zhukov — the doctor of psychological Sciences, Professor of chair of social psychology of faculty of psychology of Moscow state University named after M. V. Lomonosov, honored Professor of Moscow state University, original-minded scientist, a bright and witty lecturer who generously shared their ideas and research Manager, a passionate teacher, creatively experimenting with teaching methods and development of students.

Pages: 93-95

By: The staff of the faculty of psychology;

Keywords: history of psychology;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

The staff of the faculty of psychology MSU (2018). In the memory of Tatyana Gavrilovna Stefanenko (24.11.1949—28.01.2018). Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 90-92

On January 28, 2018 Tatyana Gavrilovna Stefanenko, a sensitive teacher and outstanding researcher, our colleague, friend and mentor, head of the Department of social psychology of the faculty of psychology of Lomonosov Moscow state University (2006-2017), doctor of psychology, Professor, honored Professor of Moscow University (2009), passed away.

Pages: 90-92

By: The staff of the faculty of psychology;

Keywords: history of psychology;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

The staff of the faculty of psychology MSU (2018). In the memory of Nina Fedorovna Talyzina (28.01.1923—06.01.2018). Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 87-89

On January 6, 2018 Nina Fyodorovna Talyzina, academician of RAO, Professor of psychology of education and pedagogy Department of psychology of Moscow state University, doctor of psychology, Honored worker of science of the Russian Federation, Honored Professor of Lomonosov Moscow state University, died.

Pages: 87-89

By: The staff of the faculty of psychology;

Keywords: history of psychology;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

Mazilov V.A., Stoyukhina N.Yu. (2018). Time connecting thread: the book S.G. Gellerstein “Methodology of Psychotechnics”. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 81-86

Review of the book S.G. Gellerstein “Methodology of Psychotechnics”

Pages: 81-86

By: Mazilov, V.A.; Stoyukhina, N.Yu.;

Keywords: review of the book;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

Veraksa A.N., Yakushina A.A. (2018). Testing of the methodology “Movement Imagery Questionnaire for Children”. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 70-80

Relevance. The relevance of the work due to the lack of a special method that could to assess the ability of young athletes to represent movements in the Russian psychological tools.

Objective. The aim of the work is to test the method “Movement imagery Questionnaire for Children”, which is developed by Canadian researchers (R. Martini and colleagues), on Russian athletes.

Method. The analysis of studies that demonstrate the importance of using mental images in the training process was described. Empirical study of the mental representation of movements in 112 Russian young athletes from age 7 to 12 years with the help of a pre-adapted technique MIQ-C was conducted.

Results. The main types of mental images that are most often used by young athletes have been revealed: first-person visualization, third-person visualization and visualization of muscle performance. The last one (kinesthetic) is the most difficult for children. The highest rates of use of all three methods were noted in children 9-10 years. In the process of the work it was compared the results obtained for the Russian sample, with the results of Canadian researchers. It was revealed that Russian athletes assess their capabilities for visualization higher than young athletes in Canada.

Conclusions. It is necessary to expand a sample, having picked up athletes of those sports which are not presented at this stage of work, and to carry out check of validity of the Russian version of this method on the expanded sample.

Received: 01/23/2018

Accepted: 02/18/2018

Pages: 70-80

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.01.70

By: Veraksa, Aleksandr N.; Yakushina, A.A.;

Keywords: sports psychology; mental training; mental imagery; mental representation; testing of the methodology; young athletes;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

Arestova O.N., Makhmudova S.Kh. (2018). Subjective presentation of family relations on the different levels of awareness (in adolescents). Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 55-69

Relevance. The study is devoted to the problem of family relations in adolescence. This problems seems to become very actual in recent times because of significant changes in family relations concerned with adolescents.

Objective. The hypothesis of different levels of awareness (explicit and implicit) representation of family situation in adolescence in connection with the emotional tone of relationships between family members has been tested in this research. We also propose that this fact s related with the follows parameters: adolescent gender and family unity.

Methods. 45 adolescents (22 girls and 23 boys) age of 13-14 took part in the research: 8 of them are from single-parent families (father missing), 37 – from completed families. The following methods were used: Family image test, Color Test of Relations and the questionnaire of parent’s behavior and attitudes of adolescents by E. Shafer).

Results. Results It was demonstrated that in explicit level adolescents evaluate their family situation more positively than in implicit level. Adolescents of different sex differently evaluate the degree of solidarity and emotional relationships in their families: girls consider their families more joined than boys. Both girls and boys perceive their mother and father more positively in explicit level (questionnaire) than in implicit level. Generally, girls and boys realize the estimations of family situation concerned with cohesion and emotional relationships differently. As a hole adolescents implicitly perceive their mother as more positive and important than the father.

Received: 03/06/2018

Accepted: 03/13/2018

Pages: 55-69

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.01.55

By: Arestova O.N.; Makhmudova, S.Kh.;

Keywords: parent-child interaction; stages of awareness; adolescence; emotional tone of relationships; family unity;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

Fadyushin S.G. (2018). Probabilistic evaluation of sense. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 37-54

The content of the paper refers to the field of interdisciplinary scientific research, lying at the intersection of information theory and cognitive psychology.

Relevance. In conditions of rapid development of communication between people through computers, the transfer and adequate reception of the meaning of an information message are of great importance.

Purpose. Theoretical substantiation and development of the probabilistic approach to the evaluation of the meaning of purposeful human activity on the example of a text.

Methods. Theoretical analysis of probabilistic (V. Nalimov) and activity-related (D. Leontiev) approaches to the problem of meaning in psychology; method of calculating the amount of information developed by K. Shannon; author’s technique for assessing the meaning of a text message, based on a comparative analysis of the source text with its probabilistic representation by random permutation of words.

Results.The justification of the probabilistic nature of sense is given; a psychometric criterion is proposed for quantifying the meaning of purposeful conscious human activity in the form of differential entropy of the exponential distribution of the Shannon entropy difference between two adjacent words in the text; a technique for probabilistic evaluation of the meaning of purposeful conscious human activity taking text as an example is proposed.

The analysis of more than 50 texts - information messages from the Internet, differing in the level of meaningfulness and reflecting various emotional experiences of the authors - showed: a) the greatest meaningfulness is in texts written by authors under the influence of strong emotions; b) texts the style of presentation of which is typical for authors in the state of neutral emotions occupy an intermediate position in terms of meaningfulness; c) the least meaning is in texts written by those who experience some disorder of thinking.

Conclusions. The results confirm the main hypothesis of the study that the meaning is encoded in a chain of semantic connections of purposeful conscious human activity and has a probabilistic nature. The materials of the paper can be of practical and theoretical interest for psychologists dealing with issues of meaning, linguists and developers of artificial intelligence.

Received: 01/19/2018

Accepted: 01/26/2018

Pages: 37-54

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.01.37

By: Fadyushin, S.G.;

Keywords: sense; entropy; Shannon entropy; semantic connection; information; probabilistic model of sense;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

Krotkova O.A., Danilov G.V., Kaverina M.Yu., Kuleva A.Yu., Gavrilova E.V., Enikolopova E.V. (2018). The distribution of visual attention in normal aging: the eye tracking study. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 3-20

Relevance. The study of adaptive brain reorganizations during normal human aging is relevant both in the social aspect and in the scientific aspect. It contributes to the development of theoretical ideas about brain providing cognitive processes.

Objective. The aim of the work is to study the mechanisms of changing the volume of visual attention during normal aging using the technology of eye-tracking.

Methods. 30 healthy subjects aged 19-30 years (11 people, younger group) and 50-81 years (19 people, older group) performed an original technique assumed the memorization of triplets of images, their recall and recognition in a series of similar, identical and new images. The memorization was accompanied by the recording of subjects’ eye movements.

Results.In the older group the narrowing of volume of visual attention was obtained. For a 10-second exposure of stimuli in the older group, only the visual information associated with central stimulus was accurately remembered. Results of the older group showed a significant predominance of recall and recognition errors of stimuli over the number of those in the younger group. The differences between the two groups were not found only for the situation of recognition of the central stimulus. In the young group there was a tendency to an asymmetric appearance of errors in relation to the left and the right triplet stimuli. The right stimuli were worse reproduced verbally, and the left ones were less well recognized. In the older group the asymmetry in the recognition and reproduction of stimuli was not detected.

Conclusions. An eye tracking data objectified the distribution of visual attention and allowed to explain the results of the subsequent reproduction and recognition of images.

Received: 02/28/2018

Accepted: 03/07/2018

Pages: 21-36

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.01.21

By: Krotkova, Оlga А.; Danilov, G.V.; Kaverina, M.Yu.; Kuleva, A.Yu.; Gavrilova, E.V.; Enikolopova, E.V.;

Keywords: attention; memory; eye tracking; normal aging; interhemispheric interaction;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

Ganin I.P., Kosichenko E.A., Kaplan A.Ya. (2018). Detecting of subjective focus of interest to emotionally significant stimuli in P300-based brain-computer interface. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 3-20

Relevance. P300-based brain-computer interface (P300 BCI) enables a user to choose commands by consciously attending to certain visual stimulus. However, P300 BCI-based systems for detection of covert focuses of human interest, including emotional stimuli, can be built and applied in systems for monitoring human’s normal and pathological state.

Objective. The objective was to investigate the properties of perception of stimuli with different subjective emotional significance for the person and to evaluate the possibility of P300 BCI-based detection of covert emotional focuses of attention.

Methods. 14 healthy subjects participated in the EEG-study with consequent presenting of visual stimuli with emotional or neutral human faces photos. In the first block the participants’ task was just to look at the screen with appearing stimuli (passive attention) while one of six stimuli in each trial was emotional. In the other two blocks the task was to silently count the number of the target stimulus presentations among non-target stimuli (active attention) with emotional or neutral target stimulus depending on the block. We analyzed the event-related potentials (ERP) for stimuli of different classes and the classifica-tion accuracy for target (or emotional) stimulus in P300 BCI-similar fashion.

Results. In this study we showed that the accuracy of presented in passive viewing paradigm emotional stimuli recognition exceeded the random level more than twice. Also we found characteristic features of the potentials in response to stimuli with various significance.

Conclusions. The obtained results create opportunities for developing the clinically applicable P300 BCI-based systems for detection of covert attentional focuses.

Received: 02/13/2018

Accepted: 02/20/2018

Pages: 3-20

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2018.01.03

By: Ganin, I.P.; Kosichenko, E.A.; Kaplan, A.Ya.;

Keywords: brain-computer interface (BCI); event-related potentials (ERP); potential; P300 wave; emotional stimulus; active attention; passive attention;

Available Online: 30.03.2018

The Index of articles published in “MOSCOW UNIVERSITY PSYCHOLO­ GY BULLETIN” in the year 2017. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 102-104

Full list of the articles, published in Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14.Psychology, 2017

Received: 12/30/2017

Accepted: 12/30/2017

Pages: 102-104

By: Composite authors;

Keywords: Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14.Psychology.;

Available Online: 30.12.2017

Pryazhnikov N.S. (2017) On factors and models of life satisfaction in elderly and senile age. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 85-101

The article analyzes various factors of life satisfaction of people of elderly and senile age. At the theoretical level, the assumption is that the integrating condition of satisfaction with life at this age is the central life idea (purpose, meaning). A generalized model of life satisfaction, based on the coordinates determining the common life idea (altruistic or egoistic) and the position of personality activity (creative or passive) is proposed. In the psychological space formed by these coordinates, one can identify the aspirations of the person himself (his “I want”), his real capabilities (“I can”), as well as expectations on the part of people relevant to him both in relation to “I want” and in relation to “I can”. The model allows reflecting the contradictions between the “I want” and “I can” of this person, as well as the contradictions between his intentions, self-esteem and expectations on the part of people relevant to him. When different elements of satisfaction do not coincide, problems arise and crises in the development of the elderly and old man. More concrete models of self-determination at the considered age in relation to their past, to the real present and prospective future are presented. The models of life satisfaction are proposed for further analysis: a creative model (search for new goals and opportunities for development), a model of “right” life (passive realization of the stereotypes of a pensioner's life), a “paternalistic” model (caring for others), a model of “ignoring” old age, the model of protection of their rights (in the conditions of imperfection of pension systems), the models of struggle for survival (in the conditions of sharp deterioration of health), the model of preparation for death, the model of self-assertion and the model of comprehension of the lived. Promising hypotheses of further research are formulated, reflecting possible options for complementarity and conflict of different models.

Received: 11/17/2017

Accepted: 12/06/2017

Pages: 85-101

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2017.04.85

By: Pryazhnikov N.S.;

Keywords: elderly and senile age; life plan; satisfaction with life; факторы удовлетворенности жизнью; models of life satisfaction;

Available Online: 30.12.2017

Usmanova E.Z., Raykov A.V., Makhmudzhanova M.D. (2017). Relationship between professional burnout, socio­-psychological attitudes and traits of the Dark Triad among medical persons with difference length of professional practice. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 68-84

Study objectives: to examine the severity of the personal social psychological attitudes of an individual in the need-motivational sphere, the Dark Triad traits, and the components of burnout, as well as the interrelationships between these features among physicians with different lengths of professional experience. 

Participants: 124 people between the ages of 20 and 62; 4 groups of respondents, differing in the length of their professional experience (student, less than 10 years, 11-20 years and over 20 years of work experience).

Materials: O.F. Potemkina’s “Social psychological attitudes in the need-motivational sphere of the person diagnostics test”, “The Dark Triad inventory” adapted by M.S. Egorova and M.A. Sitnikova and the “Maslach Burnout Inventory” adapted by N.E. Vodopyanova. 

Methods of data analysis: Cronbach’s alpha, descriptive statistics, crosstabulation (chi-squared test), one-way analysis of variance (with Tukey post-hoc test), one-sample Student t-test, Spearman’s correlation, comparison of correlations using Fisher’s z-transformation. 

Results: The altruistic attitude of practicing doctors is higher than that of students, but does not depend on the length of experience. A greater intention towards work is observed for participants with the medical work experience over 10 years. There is no established connection between work experience and the intensity of burnout in the respondents. Physicians with the average experience expressed weaker non-clinical narcissism and a psychopathy than students. The structure of the interrelationships between social psychological attitudes, the Dark Triad traits, and the components of burnout has specificity on the samples with various lengths of professional experience. We suggest interpretations for differences found in the severity and patterns of the connections between the indicators; they are summarized in the psychological portrait of a physician with a certain amount of experience.

Received: 11/28/2017

Accepted: 12/19/2017

Pages: 68-84

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2017.03.68

By: Usmanova, Elmira Z.; Raykov, Alexander V.; Makhmudzhanova, Malika D.;

Keywords: professional burnout; burnout components; socio-psychological attitudes; Dark Triad;

Available Online: 30.12.2017

Grigoryev D.S. (2017). An analysis of the relationship of multicultural ideology by John W. Berry and various principles of interethnic categoriza­tion. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 54-67

A multicomponent model of multiculturalism by the Canadian cross-cultural psychologist John W. Berry is one of the most famous approaches designed to ensure the harmonization of intercultural relations in a plural society. Today including in Russia an applicability of this model has been widely investigating. However, in the light of social cognition, the model does not clearly define relations between the multicultural ideology and various principles of intergroup categorization; the existing empirical findings within the framework of the Berry’s model and within social cognition still to some extent consider intergroup relations somewhat isolated from each other. In this present exploratory study was examined the relationships between interethnic categorization (assimilation, colorblind, multicultural, polycultural) and multicultural ideology by Berry. A survey of ethnic Russians from the Central Federal District of Russia was conducted. The results showed that the multicultural ideology was positively associated with the colorblind, multicultural, and polycultural categorization and also negatively with the assimilation one. Although the colorblind categorization that purportedly rejects cultural diversity was positively associated with the multicultural ideology, this relation had small effect size. The findings of the study suggested that an acceptance and endorsement of cultural diversity and egalitarianism in Russia that according to Berry is a content core of the concept multiculturalism can be realized through polycultural, multicultural, and to a lesser extent through colorblind categorization.

Received: 11/02/2017

Accepted: 11/16/2017

Pages: 54-67

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2017.04.54

By: Grigoryev, Dmitry S.;

Keywords: interethnic ideologies; assimilation; colorblindness; multiculturalism; polyculturalism; multicultural ideology; interethnic categorization;

Available Online: 30.12.2017

Glotova G.A., Khamitova P.A. (2017). Notions of school students about project and research activity. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 34-53

Ideas of the school students having experience of participation in the educational project and research activity (PRA) about educational researches and projects are considered that is relevant due to the need of formation, since high school, experts of research type. 

Objective: to reveal the attitude of school students towards various aspects of project and research activity. 

Methods: “Unfinished sentences”; questioning on the questions connected with participation in PRA; nonverbal method “Emoticons”. Sample included 84 school students of the fifth, sixth, eighth and ninth grades. 

Results: The unfinished sentences method identified seven categories of definitions that school students give to educational researches and projects. Questioning has shown that school students prefer voluntary participation in educational project and research activity; concerning preference of educational researches or projects there are differences in verbal and nonverbal answers, however in ninth grade both methods found that students preferred educational researches to projects; the readiness for implementation of educational projects on all studied subjects from a third to a half of school students has been estimated by low points; the desire in future professional activity to carry out projects and researches has been estimated, mainly, by average points. 

Conclusions: The revealed general tendency reflects the positive attitude towards the above-named educational technology; however, there are both significant individual differences, and the differences between grades in ideas of school students of project and research activity and the attitude towards it demanding profound studying for the purpose of further improvement of this educational technology.

Received: 11/28/2017

Accepted: 12/19/2017

Pages: 34-53

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2017.04.34

By: Glotova, Galina A.; Khamitova, Polina A.;

Keywords: educational projects and researches; learning; interests and preferences of pupils; readiness for project and research activity;

Available Online: 30.12.2017


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