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The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2014, 4, 160 p.

Empirical studies

Morosanova V.I., Filippova E.V., Fomina T.G.(2014). Personal and regulatory predictors of academic success and reliability of actions of students in exam situation. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,4-17

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1101:"<p>The primary purpose of this study was to examine the role of conscious
self-regulation in reliability of actions of students in exam situation. Participants
were 231 16—18 year old students. The results showed that reliability of regulation
(stability of the basic regulatory characteristics in a stressful situation) is the basis
of the reliability of action of students with different level of academic success.
The study describes the characteristics of the reliability of learning actions of
students. We compared personal and regulatory characteristics of high school
students with different level of reliability of actions and academic success. We
found that students with the highest score on the exam have a low level of anxiety
and a high level of conscious self-regulation (especially regulatory reliability).
The results of research suggest that individual system of self-regulation plays a
significant role in reliability of actions of students in exam situation and provides
new information about how we can ensure reliability of actions of students in
exam situation.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 06/15/2014

Pages: 4-17

Keywords: perceived self-control; stylistic features; learning activity; reliability of actions; examination success;

By: Morosanova V.I.; Filippova, Elena V.; Fomina,Tatyana G.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014

Velichkovsky B.B.(2014).The structure of correlational dependencies between performance indicators of various types of working memory tasks. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,18-32

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:630:"<p>Correlations between various classes of working memory tasks (working
memory span tasks, updating tasks) were analyzed. Tasks that share processing
and storage requirements correlated with each other. A three factor structure
was extracted compatible with the existence of three components within working
memory: focus of attention, region of direct access, and activated memory. The
data shows that processing and storage are independent in working memory
and that storage in working memory is based on two storage systems — one
that uses short-term memory mechanisms and one that uses long-term memory
mechanisms.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 05/12/2014

Pages: 18-32

Keywords: working memory; focus of attention; short-term memory; long-term memory; n-back;

By: Velichkovsky, Boris B.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014

Pryazhnikov N.S., Ozhogova E.G.(2014). Emotional burning out and personal deformations in psychological and pedagogical activity. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,33-43

The article is devoted to considering of the interrelation of level of emotional burning out and life-meaning orientations of teachers and psychologists. During empirical research it was shown that workers with the expressed level of emotional burning out statistically mismatches in the system the life-meaning orientations observed more often, than at workers with not expressed syndrome of emotional burning out for whom internal harmony, acceptance of the past, the present and the future are more characteristic. It is the paradox designate in the article: stressful situations provoking emotional burning out, under certain circumstances can be considered as conditions of development of teachers and psychologists. Thus, prospects of new researches of a syndrome of emotional burning out contact us with the identification of these conditions and development on this basis of more modern medico-hygienic standards of work of teachers and psychologists, which while, unfortunately, is not present.

Received: 06/27/2014

Pages: 33-43

Keywords: life meaning orientations; syndrome of emotional burning out; professional destructions; occupational stress; distress; psychology and pedagogical activity;

By: Pryazhnikov N.S.; Ozhogova, Elena G.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014

Agris A.R., Akhutina T.V., Korneev A.A.(2014). Varieties of Unit I functions deficits in children with the risk of learning disabilities (the end). The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,44-55

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1665:"<p>The paper presents results of the neuropsychological assessment of processes
involved in the maintenance of activation (Luria’s Unit I functions) in 64 firstgraders
who demonstrated various levels of academic success. On the basis of
this assessment, the children were divided into three groups: (i) the children
without any deficit in the Unit I functions (CONTROL children), (ii) those
predominantly showing slowness/fatigue (SLOW children), and (iii) those who
can be considered as predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (HYPERACTIVE
children). It is shown that, relative to controls, both SLOW and HYPERACTIVE
children show reduced academic scores and the decrease of most indices that
characterize functions of the Units II and III. The weaknesses of executive and
visual-spatial functions are predominantly observed in HYPERACTIVE children,
whereas SLOW children usually show some deficit in processing of kinesthetic
(proprioceptive) and audio-verbal information. Children with functional
weakness of the Unit I functions show an overall reduction in performance and its
speed in the computerized versions of the “DOTS” and “SCHULTE—GORBOV
tables” tests. In HYPERACTIVE children, deficits are observed in the most
difficult tasks (those probing mostly into planning and control functions), and
their performance is the most unstable. In SLOW children, the performance
rate is noticeably decreased for the moderate-to-difficult tasks. Overall, the data
reported contribute to the understanding of the diversity of Unit I functions
deficits and their relation to the learning difficulties experienced by children in
the primary school.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 02/05/2014

Pages: 44-55

Keywords: attention-deficit hyperactivitydisorder; learning disabilities; developmental neuropsychology; computerized methods;

By: Akhutina T.V.; Agris, Anastasiya R.; Korneev A.A.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014


Mathematical psychology

Bespalov B.I.(2014). The spherical connectionist model of cognitive action. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,56-75

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1288:"<p>Based on the ideas of E.N. Sokolov about the mechanisms of the “vector
encoding” information in the brain the spherical connectionist model of visual
cognitive action was constructed. This model takes into account and expressed
in mathematical form some neurophysiological data on the structure and
functioning of the real neural networks of the brain. In this model, using the
general principles of “vector coding”, all the main stage cognitive action have
been described in a mathematical form, including the step of exposing the
object on the retina and the step of evaluating the correctness of the response
to a stimulus. Psychophysiological problem has also been considered. The
transition of the perceived object from his physiological state F at the output of
pre-detectors to unconsciously perceived (psychological) state D at the output
of the ensemble detectors and the model awareness of sensations of the object
properties has been described. The developed spherical connectionist model
of cognitive actions allowed uniting in the activity psychology the ideas of
E.N. Sokolov about the “vector coding” of the object properties in the brain and
the A.N. Leontiev’s ideas about the mechanisms of “active psychic reflection of
the object by the subject”.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 06/06/2014

Pages: 56-75

Keywords: spherical connectionist model; the vector encoding of information in the brain; reflection of the object by the subject; psychophysiological problem;

By: Bespalov B.I.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014


Psychological counseling

Kapustin S.A.(2014). Styles of parenting in families of psychological consultation clients for parent-child problems. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,76-90

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1156:"<p>The article suggests a classification of parenting styles found in the families of
psychological consultation clients, who have asked for the help in the decision of
the parent-child problems. This classification is created as a result of investigation
176 families. Based on interview with clients there were identified and described
two main parenting style — overprotection and overexactingness. Their
descriptions are given in three dimensions of the relationship of parents with
their children’s: cognitive, emotional and behavioral. There were identified and
described the various variants of overprotection and overexactingness: local and total, moderate and strong, “hospital”, anxious and loving overprotection; local
and total, moderate and strong, soft, hard and cruel overexactingness. Content
characteristics of all these variants were also given by separate dimensions of
the relationship of parents with their children. This classification, in comparison
with the known, gives the opportunity to more clearly define meaningful
similarities and differences of different parenting styles on each of the selected
dimensions.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 06/03/2014

Pages: 76-90

Keywords: psychological counseling; parent-child problems; classification of parenting styles; overprotection; overexactingness;

By: Kapustin, Sergey A.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014


Review, analytical studies

Veraksa A.N.(2014).Social aspect in the development of executive functions in childhood: Contemporary foreign research review. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,91-101

The paper presents an overview of research aimed at understanding of the executive functions in childhood. The article shows that in studies focused on the role of the adult, and in the studies that pay attention to the interaction between peers and the impact of these processes on executive functions, it is clearly shown that executive functions are investigated in the line of the logic of cultural-historical theory (Vygotsky, Luria, Leontiev, Zaporozhets). It is shown that the importance of social interaction postulated by Vygotsky was experimentally justified in modern research. In these studies age dynamics in the formation of executive functions and the specific role of the adult in different stages of development are described. The communicative aspect of the interaction is emphasized, but role of an adult role as a carrier of cultural resources is not considered.

Received: 07/14/2014

Pages: 91-101

Keywords: preschool age; executive functions; joint attention; social interaction;

By: Veraksa, Aleksandr N.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014

Rasskazova E. I.(2014). The stage models of behavior change in health psychology:Opportunities and limitations. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,102-119

The paper analyzes opportunities and limitations of stage models in health psychology (trans-theoretical model, precaution adoption process model) comparing to traditional continuum models and actively developing self-regulation models. Theoretical basis for stage models (orientation to practical problems, analysis of behavior dynamics and associated processes, descriptive approach, understanding of the model effectiveness as an accuracy of classification and description of the transitions between stages) and problematic spheres (discrete/continuous process of change, descriptive/explanatory nature of the basic constructs). Heuristic nature of stages models is proved in solving the original problem of behavior description while their vulnerability to criticism is demonstrated because of the implicit transition to the problem of his explanation.

Received: 06/11/2014

Pages: 102-119

Keywords: description and explanation in health psychology; stage models; models of behavior change; trans-theoretical model; precaution adoption process model;

By: Rasskazova E.I.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014

Bogacheva N. V. (2014).Computer games and cognitive specifics of gamers. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,120-130

The aim of the article is to give a brief overview of cognitive studies in computer games psychology. The researches of psychological specifics of computer gamers have become very important recently due to a great popularity of computer games among children, teenagers and adults all over the world. Numerous studies are made that show significant differences between cognitive characteristics of computer gamers and non-gamers. There are possible negative consequences (such as long-term memory decline) as well as positive ones. Computers games are shown to enhance attention, spatial cognition and cognitive control of computer gamers and participants of specially organized computer games sessions. Cognitive function can possibly be trained in computer games.Computer games experience affects processes of thinking, decision making as well as multitasking and task-switching capability. Studies of connection between cognitive styles and computer games are also reviewed.

Received: 02/05/2014

Pages: 120-130

Keywords: cyberpsychology; cognitive psychology; computer games; gamers; attention; memory; cognitive control; multitasking; spatial thinking;

By: Bogacheva, Natalya V.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014


Methods

Grishina A.V.(2014).Test questionnaire degree of enthusiasm of younger teenagers playing computer games. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,131-141

The paper presents test questionnaire, developed by the author based on methodology K. Yang and allows the quantification of the severity of the degree of enthusiasm of younger teenagers playing computer games — CG). The questionnaire contains 22 questions, defining five 5 major scales: emotional attitude to the CG; self-monitoring in clinical trials; goal orientation on the CG; parental relation to the CG; preference for virtual communication real. A study conducted on a sample of 304 students of Nizhny Novgorod aged 11-12 years, showed that the developed test questionnaire allows to quantify the extent of computer abuse younger teenager; allows mathematical treatment; is relatively expeditious means evaluation of a large number of respondents; contributes to the objectivity of assessments that do not depend on the subjective attitudes of the person conducting the study; ensures comparability of the information obtained by different researchers in different subjects.

Received: 02/24/2014

Pages: 131-141

Keywords: computer games; computer game addiction; younger teens; the questionnaire;

By: Grishina А. V.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014


At the faculty of psychology

Krinchik E.P.(2014).The academic methodological rethinking of the actual educational process at a single higher education institution as an important component of the institutional research and identity.The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,142-153

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1165:"
<p>      The academic methodological rethinking of the actual educational process at a single higher education institution is considered as an important component of the institution’s inner research and identity. The sociological and, especially, educational psychological research, from author’s perspective, create the necessary informational background for the improvement of the educational process at the each higher education institution, as well as for the promotion of reforms at the level of the education system of the state. A short characteristic of the special branch of the international academic and applied research – an Institutional Research (the within-institutional studies at a university), and of the work at the Center of inner monitoring of the Higher School of Economics — National Research University are presented as an argument. It is concluded that such studies are underestimated in the context of improvement and development of the professional training of students at the department of psychology of the Lomonosov Moscow State University, and that there is a necessity of the creation of such kind of center. </p>
";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 02/21/2014

Pages: 142-153

Keywords: educational process; institutional research; academic and methodological rethinking; international institutional research; the Center of institutional monitoring at the NSE-NRU;

By: Krinchik E.P.;

Available Online: 31.12.2014


Anniversaries

(2014) To the 75th anniversary of Tatiana Vassilievna Gabay. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 4, 154-155

To the 75th anniversary of Tatiana Vassilievna Gabay

Pages: 154-155

Keywords: Anniversaries; Gabay, Tatiana Vassilievna;

By: Composite authors;

Available Online: 31.12.2014

(2014) To the 60th anniversary of Nikolay Sergeevich Pryazhnikov. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 4, 156-157

To the 60th anniversary of Nikolay Sergeevich Pryazhnikov

Pages: 156-157

Keywords: Anniversaries; Pryazhnikov Nikolay Sergeevich;

By: Composite authors;

Available Online: 31.12.2014


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