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The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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Kravkov S.V.(2015).Excerpts from the book S.V. Kravkov “Self-observation”. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 3, 57-64

Excerpts from the book S.V. Kravkov “Self-observation” (Moscow: Russkiy knizhnik, 1922. 176 p.). In his study, S.V. Kravkov presents arguments in favor of the need for introspection, psychology, introspection separates from reflection, analyzes the mental processes that provide the opportunity to introspection introspective discusses ways of organizing research and other theoretical methodological issues arising in connection with introspection.

Received: 02/07/2015

Pages: 57-64

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2015.03.57

Keywords: self-observation; introspection; psychology; experience; attention; memory; intention;

By: Kravkov, Sergey V.;

Available Online: 09/30/2015

Bogacheva N.V.(2015).Computer games and cognitive specifics of gamers (the end).Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14.Psychology,1,94-103

The aim of the article is to give a brief overview of cognitive studies in computer games psychology. The researches of psychological specifics of computer gamers have become very important recently due to a great popularity of computer games among children, teenagers and adults all over the world. Numerous studies are made that show significant differences between cognitive characteristics of computer gamers and non-gamers. There are possible negative consequences (such as long-term memory decline) as well as positive ones. Computers games are shown to enhance attention, spatial cognition and cognitive control of computer gamers and participants of specially organized computer games sessions. Cognitive function can possibly be trained in computer games. Computer games experience affects processes of thinking, decision making as well as multitasking and task-switching capability. Studies of connection between cognitive styles and computer games are also reviewed.

Received: 02/05/2014

Pages: 94-103

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2015.01.94

Keywords: spatial thinking; cyberpsychology; cognitive psychology; computer games; gamers; attention; memory; cognitive control; multitasking;

By: Bogacheva, Natalya V.;

Available Online: 03/31/2015

Bogacheva N. V. (2014).Computer games and cognitive specifics of gamers. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,4,120-130

The aim of the article is to give a brief overview of cognitive studies in computer games psychology. The researches of psychological specifics of computer gamers have become very important recently due to a great popularity of computer games among children, teenagers and adults all over the world. Numerous studies are made that show significant differences between cognitive characteristics of computer gamers and non-gamers. There are possible negative consequences (such as long-term memory decline) as well as positive ones. Computers games are shown to enhance attention, spatial cognition and cognitive control of computer gamers and participants of specially organized computer games sessions. Cognitive function can possibly be trained in computer games.Computer games experience affects processes of thinking, decision making as well as multitasking and task-switching capability. Studies of connection between cognitive styles and computer games are also reviewed.

Received: 02/05/2014

Pages: 120-130

Keywords: cyberpsychology; cognitive psychology; computer games; gamers; attention; memory; cognitive control; multitasking; spatial thinking;

By: Bogacheva, Natalya V.;

Available Online: 12/31/2014

Korsakova N.K.(2014).Neuropsychology of attention and Stroop Task. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,26-33

An established link between the intellectual attention and the activity of frontal lobes in studies of E.D. Homskaya brings forward the application of special experimental psychological procedures. The latter are characterized by sensitized cognitive load and address both attention and memory. A modified version of the Stroop Task (Shilko R.S.) was employed in the present study of intellectual attention. 50 men ranging in age from 18 to 24 years with higher or incomplete higher education took part in the study. Among the participants there were 20 healthy subjects and 30 patients with schizophrenia in a paroxysmal form, developed in adolescence. The patients were under medical treatment in the Mental Health Research Center of RAMS. Comparison of intergroup results, based on the analysis of errors that were made by subjects in both groups, revealed the features of memory and attention, specific for the cohort of patients. Unlike the healthy subjects, schizophrenia patients revealed the types of errors which in accordance with the system of neuropsychological qualification of errors are typical for disturbances of functions of control and selectivity on different stages of activity and levels of attention regulation (A.R. Luria’s qualitative assessment scheme). There was ascertained a high sensitivity of the technique to study of the dysfunctions of the frontal lobes and identification of various parameters of intellectual attention.

Received: 05/21/2014

Pages: 26-33

Keywords: cognitive load; attention; memory; intellectual attention; frontal lobes; hypofrontality; schizophrenia; neuropsychological qualification of errors;

By: Korsakova N.K.;

Available Online: 09/30/2014

Krotkova Î.À. (2014). Psychophysical problem and the hemispheric asymmetry. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,47-62

The data is analyzed in the article about structural and neurochemical brain hemispheric asymmetry, which, together with results of neuropsychological investigations, allow considering in a new way the problem of realization of psychic events. Modern investigations of cellar and molecular processes in neural system show, that the endogenous neural activity and the ways of neural self-organization are in many respects defined by the composition of extracellar environment. The complication of brain during phylogenies was accompanied by increasing asymmetry of neural system at the same time the biological prerequisites for differentiation of general “meanings” and one’s personal “sense” of the acquired experience were forming. The asymmetric mediation of psychic events by cellar and neurohumoral components of brain processing provided the opportunity for appearing language and distinct subjective experiences in human.

Received: 06/05/2014

Pages: 47-62

Keywords: psychophysical problem; the hemispheric asymmetry; memory;

By: Krotkova, Îlga À.;

Available Online: 09/30/2014

Vartanov A.V., Kozlovskiy S.A., Skvortsova V.B., Sozinova E.V., Pirogov Yu.A., Anisimov N.V., Kupriyanov D.A.(2009). Human memory and anatomic features of the hippocampus.The Moscow University Herald. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 3-16

We examined 26 women in age 69±4.5. Neuropsychological tests analyzed different aspects of memory: capacity, activation, executive control. MRI-volumetry of hippocampus was performed using voxel-based morphometry. Our findings corroborated the idea of lateral asymmetry of hippocampus: left hippocampus is mostly involved in verbal information processing and control: right hippocampus participates in activation processes supporting memory consolidation. Significant correlation was found between anterior left hippocampus, time perception and subjective duration. Posterior left hippocampus was significantly related to spatial perception and reconstruction. Body of left hippocampus as compared with its anterior and posterior parts was associated with activation processes necessary for information to be memorized properly.

Received: 12/23/2007

Pages: 3-16

Keywords: memory; hippocampus; morphometry; neuropsychology; healthy aging;

By: Vartanov A.V.; Kozlovskiy S.A.; Skvortsova, Vasilisa B.; Sozinova, Elena V.; Pirogov, Yurii A.; Anisimov, Nikolai V.; Kupriyanov, Dmitrii A.;

Korzh N.N., Dubrovinskaya N.V. (2010). Some accents to E.N. Sokolov’s scientific biography. The Moscow University Herald. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 22-31

The article describes the initial period in the development of E.N. Sokolov’s ideas in psychophysiology and their further advancement in psychophysiological and neurophysiological research studies.

Pages: 22-31

Keywords: psychophysiology; orienting reflex; neuronal model of stimulus; memory; signal detection theory; color space;

By: Korzh, N. N.; Dubrovinskaya, Nataliya V.;

Grechenko T.N.(2010).Neural mechanisms of memory in E.N. Sokolov’s works. The Moscow University Herald. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 63-78

In article the basic results received by E.N. Sokolov in experiences on studying of mechanisms of memory are presented. E.N. Sokolov has developed a system of experiments helped to refine the analysis of the mechanisms of memory. As experimental model of memory the habituation was used and as research methods various objective indicators of work of a brain — from EEG to intracellular potentials of single neuronswere applied. The experiments gave the possibility to formulate the concept of nervous model of stimuli and synaptic potentiation as a basis for remembering the properties of an effective signal. This article gives a brief overview of these works.

Pages: 63-78

Keywords: memory; training; the activity of neurons;

By: Grechenko, Tatyana N.;

Palikhova T.A.(2010).Neurons and synapses of the snail Helix in E.N. Sokolov’s vector psychophysiology . Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 149-164

Terrestrial snails Helix are the strategic objects for the psychophysiological studies at the scientific school united by the research strategy “Human—Neuron—Model”. E.N. Sokolov considered studies of the snails’ neurons as very meaningful for the theory of psychophysiology. The unified spherical model developed by Sokolov using vectorial approach consists from the elements similar to the nerve cells. “Simpler nervous systems” of mollusks such the snails present a possibility for experimental testing of spherical model at the level of real neurons and synapses. A task of following talk is to present the results obtained at the snails’ neurons under leadership of E.N. Sokolov and the experiments that he planned for future studies of the spherical model at the level of neurons and synapses.

Pages: 149-164

Keywords: spherical model; neuron; synapse; excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials (EPSP and IPSP); learning; memory plasticity; memory;

By: Palikhova, Tatyana A.;


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