The article describes the procedure and results of empirical study of gender differences in social loafing among Russian men and women. The sample included 27 Russian employees of three Vladivostok companies (12 men and 15 women). During the course of the experiment the examinees performed two mechanical tasks; each of them had to be done both in groups and individually. The experimenters intended to verify two hypotheses: 1) social loafing must necessarily emerge within a sample of Russian people; 2) there are gender differences in social loafing. The results of the experiment confirmed the first hypothesis. The second hypothesis was confirmed only partially as differences among men and women were revealed only when the examinees were performing the first task.
Keywords: social loafing;
By: Stratilat, Karina N.;
Semechkin, Nikolai I.;
Available Online: 03/31/2015
Gender differences of self-assessed intelligence (SAI) and its linkage with academic performance are reviewed on the sample of 500 university students, specializing in psychology. Significant difference in SAI between men and women is shown: men estimate their IQ higher than women. The possibility of reviewing SAI as a mediating variable between intellectual potential, personal traits and academic performance is discussed.
The article gives an account of the empirical study results involving 650 respondents. The aim of the study was to determine the degree of need for security satisfaction. The author’s research method (a questionnaire) is described. It is outlined that gender, age-related and profession-associated distinctions in representation of need-for-satisfaction components differ with representatives of various social and economic groups.