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Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 2016, 1, 152 p.

Fundamental science today

Zinchenko Yu.P., Eskov V.M., Eskov V.V. (2016) Definition of Glensdorf–Pri­ gogine’s evolution and the problem of homeostatic regulation in psychophysiology. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 3-24

The discussion of crucial problems of psychophysiology and natural sciences is presented, in general: are there any recurrences of measured values of psycho­physiological parameters (functions) of a person. It is shown that it is impossible to obtain arbitrarily a repetition of samples for tremor and electromyogram (when trying to maintain static muscular tension), statistical distribution function of samples f(x) is continuously changing. This dynamics is typical for tremor (conditionally involuntary movement) and electromyogram when the higher nervous activity of individual oversees the muscular effort. The involuntary movement (tremor) shows the number of coincidence of electromyogram samples (at unrestricted muscular tension) k, which is similar to such in the matrices of pairwise comparisons of tremor samples. Shannon’s entropy in this case does not change significantly.

Received: 02/15/2016

Pages: 3-24

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.03

Keywords: homeostasis; electromyogram; entropy; complexity;

By: Zinchenko, Yury. P.; Eskov Valery M.; Eskov Valery V.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016

To the 85th anniversary of Alexey A. Leontiev (1936—2004)

Sokolova E.E. (2016) One cannot be a psychologist without being a philosopher or Why disputes on notions make sense. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 25-41

The article was written in the context of creative legacy of A.A. Leontiev (1936—2004). Responding to the scientist’s call to intensify psychological methodology work and enhance “the criticism of notions”, the author analyzes the history and development of the notion of “functional organ” in the psychology of activity. Contrary to the popular recent trend defining mentality (psyche, mind) as a functional organ of individual or soul, the author insists on defining mentality (psyche, mind) as a functional organ of activity, which corresponds rather to the spirit than to the letter of activity approach in psychology by interpretation of A.N. Leontiev School . Such understanding may help to bring psychology out of dichotomy of mechanistic and spiritualistic theories. Even L.S. Vygotsky used to note that without overcoming this barrier the normal development of psychological science and practice is impossible.

Received: 11/09/2015

Pages: 25-41

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.25

Keywords: A.A. Leontiev; psychological methodology; functional organ; activity; mentality; activity approach; A.N. Leontiev school;

By: Sokolova E.E.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016

Empirical studies

Kukoleva K.I., Kolpachnikov V.V. (2016) Connection of self­actualization and egocentricity in the age of early adulthood. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 111-122

The Young Adults group (N=115) was chosen for the research. The qualitative data analysis has shown practically no significant correlations between self­actualization and egocentricity. Nevertheless, there were a few moderate and weak correlations between egocentricity and few self­actualization test scales what make us to consider self­actualization and egocentricity as complicated phenomena, which are connected with various factors such as labor activity, gender and age.

Received: 07/07/2015

Pages: 111-122

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.111

Keywords: self-actualization; egocentricity; young adults; self-­acceptance; self-­focused concept;

By: Kukoleva Kseniya I.; Kolpachnikov V. V.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016

Kurbatova T.N., Valova Yu.A. (2016) Personal features of sexually active adoles­ cents. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 96-110

The article represented the results of the comparative study of personal characteristics of adolescents with and without experience of sexual relations. Sample: 405 students (Saint­Petersburg) at the age of 14—16 years: 228 sexually active (128 boys and 100 girls) and 177 non-sexually active (100 boys and 77 girls). Used techniques: “Teenagers about parents” by L . Wasserman, I. Gorkova, E. Romycin; Multi­factor personality inventory “FPI” (form B) by I. Fainberg, H. Sarg, R. Gampel; Gordon Personal Inventory; “Self­actualization test” in the adaptation of the Y. Aleshina, L. Gozman, M. Zaika, M. Croz; The test­questionnaire self­relation by V. Stolin, “The analysis of family relations” by E. Eidemiller, V. Ustitskis and author’s questionnaire. All the adolescents with sexual relations are distinguished from non­sexually active cause of high sociability, tendency to dominance and vigor. An additional factor that provokes a sexual relationship is an emotional distance from parents.

Received: 08/21/2015

Pages: 96-110

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.96

Keywords: sexual behavior; adolescence; personality characteristics; self-actualization; family relationships;

By: Kurbatova Tatiana N.; Valova Yuliana A.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016

Kapustin S.A. (2016) Using the results of the study of families with parent­child problems in the practice of counseling adults. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 79-95

It was shown in our previous researches, that such styles of parenting, like overprotection and overexactingness, contribute to formation of three children abnormal personality types: oriented on external help, oriented on compliance of own behaviour with other people requirements and oriented on protest against such compliance. These personality types are the most important factors influencing the occurrence of parent­child problems. The present study included adults (n=54; age 18—40), who asked for psychological consultation with their personal problems. The analysis of consulting cases detected that 42 of 54 clients (78%) were educated with overprotection or overexactingness style of parenting in their childhood. These clients had the same abnormal personality types that had the children from families of psychological consultation clients with parent­child problems, educated with the same parenting style. It was shown, that abnormal personality types, formed in childhood, influenced the formation of large amount of personal problems in adulthood."

Received: 06/24/2015

Pages: 79-95

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.79

Keywords: normal personality; abnormal personality; parenting styles; overprotection; overexactingness; parent-child problems; personal problems;

By: Kapustin, Sergey A.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016

Sinelnikova E.S. (2016) Influence of situation characteristics on cultural differences manifestation on preference of conflict interaction tactics. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 64-78

Article presents results of empirical study focused on cultural differences in preferences of conflict interaction tactics in conflicts with high power and equal partner, in interpersonal and business relations. Hypotheses: Characteristics of conflict situation (type of relations, differences in social status, content of conflict) influence on manifestation of cultural differences in conflict interaction. Sample: 125 Dutch students (mean age: 21.62), 146 Russian students (mean age: 20.15). Method: “Conflict situations” (Sinelnikova, Wigboldus). Participants were presented with conflict stories in business and interpersonal context with equal and high power partners. Research has shown that characteristics of conflict situation: power distance, type of relations, content of conflict situation, influenced on manifestation of cultural differences in conflict tactics preferences). Results demonstrated that Russian students expressed their feelings and confronted more in family conflict, Dutch students – in conflicts, initiated by violation of social norms. Russians and Dutch students demonstrated equal readiness to cooperate with partner in conflict. However Dutch students preferred direct tactics, and Russian students preferred irony.

Received: 09/01/2015

Pages: 64-78

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.64

Keywords: conflict situation; culture; tactics of conflict interaction; Russian students; Dutch students;

By: Sinelnikova Elena S.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016

Akhutina T.V., Korneev A.A., Matveeva E.Yu. (2016) The dynamics of executive functions in children of 7—9 years old. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 42-63

The paper presents the analysis of developmental changes in executive functions in early school­children. 117 first­-graders (7.62±0.45 y.o.) 86 third­-graders (9.64±0.4 y.o.) participated in the study. Qualitative neuropsychological assessment and computer­based tests were used to evaluate the development of executive functions. The comparison of results in first and third graters reveals a significant improvement of temporal characteristics and accuracy of performance of the tests. The results may be evidence of the significant development of executive functions in the primary school age. In addition it is shown that the results of neuropsychological assessment and computer methods may be used as reliable predictors of learning disabilities

Received: 01/19/2016

Pages: 42-63

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.42

Keywords: developmental neuropsychology; executive functions; attention; early schoolchildren;

By: Akhutina T.V.; Korneev A.A.; Matveeva E.Yu.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016


Rasskazova E.I. (2016) Russian version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ­R): Validation in the patients with non­psychotic depres­ sions. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 123-142

Paper presents results of validation of the Russian version of The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire developed by R. Moss­-Morris and colleagues for the diagnostic of patient’s beliefs about causes, duration, consequences, treatment of illness, and their ability to control it. The sample (N=80) included three groups of patients aged 17—26 years (mean age 20.2±2.8 years) with non­psychotic depression within mood disorders (n=33), personality disorders (n=22) and schizotypal disorder (n=25). In order to establish the external validity of the questionnaire patients filled Beck’s Cognitive Insight Scale, Illness­ and Treatment­Related Locus of Control Scale and Treatment­Related Self­efficacy Scale . Factor validity and reliability of IPQ­R was demonstrated . Patients of all three groups tend to explain their illness by personality and (to a lesser extent) situational factors, to believe in the importance and effectiveness of the treatment, in their ability to control their illness. They consider illness as short­term and not of a cyclical nature. Supporting the external validity of the questionnaire we demonstrated that beliefs about illness and its reasons correlates with results of the interview, cognitive insight, illness­ and treatment­related locus of control and treatment­related self-efficacy.

Received: 11/22/2015

Pages: 123-142

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.123

Keywords: beliefs about illness and its reasons; Illness Perception Questionnaire – Revised (IPQ­R); illness representation; validation; non­-psychotic depressions; youth;

By: Rasskazova E.I.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016


Budyakova Tatiana P. (2016) Interview with L.B. Filonov. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 1, 146-152

Pages: 146-152

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.01.146

Keywords: Filonov Lev B.;

By: Budyakova, Tatiana P.;

Available Online: 15.04.2016

The staff of the faculty of psychology MSU (2016). In the memory of Lev Borisovich Filonov. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 143-145

Pages: 143-145

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2016.04.143

Keywords: Filonov Lev B.;

By: The staff of the faculty of psychology;

Available Online: 15.04.2016

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