The paper analyzes the emergence of the concept of motive in Alexey N. Leontievâ€™s early writings and its correspondence to Kurt Lewinâ€™s ideas and to the distinction of intrinsic versus extrinsic motivation and the concept of the continuum of regulation in the present day self-determination theory of E. Deci and R. Ryan. The distinctions of extrinsic motivation based on reward and punishment versus â€śnatural teleologyâ€ť in K. Lewinâ€™s works and of (extrinsic) motive versus interest in early A. N. Leontievâ€™s texts are explicated. The relationships between motive, goal, and personal meaning in the structure of activity regulation are analyzed. The author introduces the concept of quality of motivation referring to the degree of correspondence between motivation and oneâ€™s needs and authentic Self at large; the complementarity of activity theory approach and self-determination theory as regards the quality of motivation issue is highlighted.
Limited applicability of stochastics and comparing it with the new methods of multidimensional phase space were showed. Quantitative measures of the parameters are quasi-attractors for evaluation of chaotic dynamics on the example of the little finger abductor muscle. Method of multidimensional phase space carried out the study and modeling of complex biological objects (complexity). The state of the neuromuscular system is studied in two modes: a weak muscle tension and strong, almost the maximum force. Used quasi-attractors volumes of multidimensional phase spaces, which provide the identification of real changes in the parameters of the functional state with weak muscles (<em>F1</em>=5 daN) and strong (<em>F2</em>=10 daN) static stress. Analysis of the timebase signal <em>x1(t)</em> obtained with myograph, and autocorrelation functions <em>A</em>(<em>t</em>) signal showed their unrepeatability. Comparative analysis of the biomechanical system is made on the basis of registration of quasi-attractorâ€™s volume, as well as on the basis of analysis of the Shannonâ€™s entropy <em>E</em>. Volume of quasi-attractorâ€™s movements <em>x1</em>(<em>t</em>) Đ¸ <em>x2</em>(<em>t</em>)<em>=dx1/dt</em> at low load is slightly less than similar amounts of displacement of vector (<em>Ń…</em><em>1</em><em>, Ń…</em><em>2</em>)<em>Đ˘</em> under a heavy load of musculus abductor digiti mini. The values ??of the Shannon entropy under a heavy load are statistically unchanged. Values of the Shannon entropy under heavy load, not statistically vary on the advisability of entropy approach in the assessment of muscular efforts and the impossibility of application of the theorem of Glansdorffâ€”Prigogine (thermodynamics of nonequilibrium systems) in psychophysiological research. Overall, restricting the use of methods of stochastics and the possibility of using the method of multidimensional phase spaces, have been demonstrated in the Eskovâ€”Zinchenko effect.
two-dimensional phase space;
By: Eskov Valery M.;
Zinchenko, Yury. P.;
Eskov Valery V.;
Filatova, Diana Yu.;
Available Online: 20.09.2016
The step-by-step concretization of a basic abstract system Sâ€“O has been done in the article. The main phenomena of team labor were identified through this process and basic forms of team work integration such as organization culture, exchange relationships, procedural and distributive justices as well as integration by labor objects were disclosed. The full range of ergatic systemsâ€™ forms was exposed as result of concept modeling. The ergatic system model has shown sufficient logical base for integration of subjects of ergonomics and organizational psychology. It also demonstrates the full opportunities of activity approach as general theory for wide scope of humanitarian sciences.