ISSN 01370936
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Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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Arestova O.N.

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Arestova O.N., Bogacheva N.V.(2013). Specific features of self-attitude of myopic teenagers and youths.The Moscow University Herald. Series 14. Psychology, 4, 92-105

The empirical study was carried out to check the hypothesis that myopia can influence the development of self-attitude features of teenagers and youths. 50 participants took part in the study (30 myopic participants 12 males and 18 females, and 20 participants with normal eyesight 8 males and 12 females) from 15 to 20 years old, senior pupils and students. Projective methods and inventories were used: the nonexistent animal figure test, self-portrait picture test, S.R. Pantileevs methodic of self-attitude measurement (questionnaire), and self- attitude scoring questionnaire developed by us. The results of the study confirm the hypothesis and show that myopic teenagers and youths has specific features of self-attitude, such as the disposition towards self-criticism, negative attitude towards characteristics of self, the decline of communicational self-attitude and communicational activity, the tendency to deep intelligent reflection of self with great attention toward weaknesses. Moreover, myopic respondents show rigid and extreme scores of self-attitude, passiveness in communication, sensitivity towards other peoples scores. It was shown, that self-attitude of myopic teenagers resembles that of blind and visually impaired people. It was also shown that myopic teenagers are more self-critical and tend to negative evaluation of themselves as communicational partners.

Received: 09/17/2013

Pages: 92-105

Available Online: 12/30/2013

Arestova O.N.(2008).According to O.K. Tikhomirov theory the structure of thinking activity are influenced by motivation factor. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin. Series 14.Psychology,2,128-139

This fact was successfully investigated both theoretically and experimentally. It was shown that motivation determines the various aspects of thinking: the goalsetting strategy, the perspective goalsetting, emotional regulations, the relation between concrete and abstract components, egocentric features. The most important point of motivational influences is connected with the moment of motivational conflict. This conflict may switch the thinking of the subject from cognition to the special personal activity. This kind of thinking activity may be defined as a conceptualization of conflict personality meanings.

Pages: 128-139

Available Online: 06/30/2008


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