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Abramova, Aida A.

Ph.D in Psychology
Moscow, Russia


DOI Number:

Kuznetsova S.О., Abramova А.А., Enikolopov S.N., Razumova А.V.(2014). Psychological characteristics of hostility in patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective and affective disorders. The Moscow University Herald.Series 14.Psychology,3,92-103

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1479:"<p>This article presents the results of an empirical study on the role of hostility
in the etiopathogenesis of mental illness such as schizophrenia, schizoaffective
and affective disorders. The relationship of the general level of hostility and
enmity with the qualitative aspects of the objective characteristics of mental
illness (duration and nosology) is described in the following article. The sample
consists of 161 people, of which the clinical group consisted of 81 patients who are
hospitalized in the 4th department of the clinic affective pathology. Comparison
was made with a control group of healthy persons, which included 80 men who do
not suffer from mental and neurological disorders. The study used the following
methods: semantic differential (modification by Ohmatovskaya A.V.), World
assumptions scale, Constructive Thinking Index (CTI), Cook-Medley Hostility
scale, Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, Wechsler memory scale, Wagner’s
“Hand-test” (modification by A.V. Gerasimov). It was found that mentally ill
patients were showing significantly higher quantitative measures of hostility,
compared with the norm. Psychopathological marked qualitative specificity
of hostility expressed in suspicion, ambivalence, extrapunitive and generalized
hostility. According to the results, hostility has not direct connection with the
nosology specific of the mental disorders, and does not depend on the patient’s
age and duration of disease.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 03/10/2014

Pages: 92-103

Available Online: 09/30/2014

Abramova A.A., Kuznetsova S.O., Enikolopov S.N., Razumova A.V.(2014).Specificity of the manifestations of aggression in patients with depression different nosology, severity and duration. The Moscow University Herald. Series 14. Psychology, 2, 75-89

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:1508:"<p>This article describes the nature of the relationship of quantitative and
qualitative aspects of aggressiveness with nosology, duration and severity of
depression. The study involved 87 patients with a depressive disorder (31 women
and 56 men) aged 17 to 46 years. Depressive disorder occurs as an independent disease, or combined with other mental illnesses. The diagnosis was recorded as a psychiatrist in the history of the disease. The study used the following
methodology: Zung’s method, Beck scale, Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Wagner’s
“Hand-test” (A.V. Gerasimov’s modification), Buss—Durkey Inventory, The
Rosenzweig Picture-Frustration Study (N.V. Tarabrina’s modification), computer
psychophysiological method “Operator”. The quantitative and qualitative character
of aggressiveness in patients with mental disorders as compared with healthy
subjects is shown. In depressed patients compared to healthy subjects are more
pronounced aggression, suspicion, resentment and hostility. Intensity of these
parameters increases with worsening depression and with increasing duration of
disease severity decreased aggressiveness. Level of physical aggression is higher at depressive disorder within psychopathy. In the group of female patients with depression increased aggressiveness, in the group of male patients with depression
increased general and physical aggression. In depressive disorders worsens assess
and recognize the emotional state of others and their own.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 11/26/2013

Pages: 75-89

Available Online: 06/30/2014

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