ISSN 0137-0936 (Print)
ISSN 2309-9852 (Online)
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Russian Psychological Society
The Faculty of Psychology. Lomonosov Moscow State University.
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Vartanov Alexandr V.

Vartanov A.V. / Вартанов А.В.

Ph.D in Psychology. Leading scientific fellow, Deputy Director for Science of Institute for Cognitive Studies Lomonosov Moscow State University

Publications

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Vartanov A.V., Kosareva Yu.I.(2015). Emotions of a person and a monkey:Subjective scaling of vocalizations. Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 2, 93-109

Four-dimensional spherical model of emotions was built with metric multidimensional scaling method. This model simultaneously describes emotional expressions in the oral human speech (based on the samples of the word “Yes”, spoken with different expressions) and vocalizations of rhesus macaque monkeys in the human listener’s perception. Based on statistical criteria, number of dimensions in the space of the perception of emotional human speech and monkey vocalizations samples was defined to be equal to 4. Stimuli points in the space are positioned in almost equal distance from the center of the hypersphere. Model space axes were interpreted in regard to the contents of human emotions. Orientation of perception of monkey vocalization samples space axes was conducted in a formal procedure based on direct experimental data — cross-assessment of the differences between some human speech samples and all monkey vocalizations samples. As a result, all studied monkey vocalizations samples were quantitatively presented in a unified system of the characteristics, defined for human emotions, and received an anthropomorphic interpretation. Obtained results are not controversial to the data from animal behavior observation and expert analysis of their vocalizations range. We revealed the similarity between emotional expressions in human speech and monkey vocalization range, which, in turn, demonstrates the relation of human and monkey emotions.

Received: 12/20/2014

Pages: 93-109

DOI: 10.11621/vsp.2015.02.93

Available Online: 06/30/2015

Vartanov A.V., Kozlovskiy S.A., Skvortsova V.B., Sozinova E.V., Pirogov Yu.A., Anisimov N.V., Kupriyanov D.A.(2009). Human memory and anatomic features of the hippocampus.The Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 4, 3-16

We examined 26 women in age 69±4.5. Neuropsychological tests analyzed different aspects of memory: capacity, activation, executive control. MRI-volumetry of hippocampus was performed using voxel-based morphometry. Our findings corroborated the idea of lateral asymmetry of hippocampus: left hippocampus is mostly involved in verbal information processing and control: right hippocampus participates in activation processes supporting memory consolidation. Significant correlation was found between anterior left hippocampus, time perception and subjective duration. Posterior left hippocampus was significantly related to spatial perception and reconstruction. Body of left hippocampus as compared with its anterior and posterior parts was associated with activation processes necessary for information to be memorized properly.

Received: 12/23/2007

Pages: 3-16

Kreslavskaya E.E., Vartanov A.V.(2009). A test for scoring understanding of study material on human biology: verification results.The Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 2, 72-80

a:2:{s:4:"TEXT";s:521:"<p>The article describes verification of a test diagnostics method that focuses
on understanding of human biology, specifically the procedure and the results of
verification. The study includes testing of 168 high school students and validation of the
test by 55 experts. The results of the study indicate that the test can be recommended
to diagnose how well high school students understand human biology. The difference
in experts’ opinion regarding interpretation of the test questions has been analyzed.</p>";s:4:"TYPE";s:4:"html";}

Received: 03/11/2008

Pages: 72-80

Vartanov A.V., Pasechnik I.V.(2010).The phenomenon of semantic conflict studied on the base of artificial bimodal signs . Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 4, 165-180

We discussed the brain mechanisms of audiovisual integration and semantic comprehension as a direct process of comprehension (early integration) and process with second tuning (late integration) necessary in conflict situations. Existing of such audiovisual semantic conflict and four strategies to solve it were obtained in psychophysical experiment. Mathematic models were formulated according to that data. All models were described by linear equations, which were noted for the different weights of contributions of audio and visual modalities.

Pages: 165-180

Monakhova I.Ye., Vartanov A.V. (2011). Audial rhythm patterns subjective organization brain mechanisms. The Moscow University Psychology Bulletin, 3, 156-168

Brain mechanisms of subjective (internal) rhythmisation were examined in two experimental cases. One of the tasks was to combine acoustic rhythmic clicks as pairs; another task was to combine the same monotone clicks as triples. With the method of factorial analysis some types of specific variation of EVP form on the clicks which took different place in patterns were figured out. Analysis of dynamics of brain structures activity revealed some types of functional brain architectonics while subjects were performing a task of combining clicks. Specific cerebellum activation took place both in rhythm perception and in subject’s activity of integration of cognitive processes. This took place when subject used hierarchical strategy of rhythm perception.

Pages: 156-168


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