Subje ctive Dissatisfaction of Interpersonal Needs and Signs of Poor Psychological Well-Being in Adolescents and Youth with Different Levels of Suicidal Risk
Background. Suicidal risk in adolescence and youth refers to one of the actual forms of autodestructive behaviour associated with socio-psychological factors.
Objective. The aim was to reveal the relationship between subjective dissatisfaction with the interpersonal communication and signs of psychological difficulties (aggressive behavior, substance use, anxious and obsessive thoughts, suicidal thoughts) in adolescents and young people with different levels of suicidal risk.
Methods. Participants filled in the interpersonal needs questionnaire (INQ-15) and a questionnaire diagnosing signs of psychological difficulties.
Sample. 92 adolescents and young adults aged 12–21 years without experience of suicidal thoughts, 132 adolescents and young adults with experience of suicidal thoughts but not actions, as well as 55 adolescents and young people who were treated in crisis hospitals for suicidal acts took part in the study.
Results. The Russian version of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire is a reliable and factor valid technique to assess the feelings of burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness in adolescents and young adults. Suicidal risk in adolescents and young adults is associated with interpersonal failure, loneliness, longing, which leads into feelings of burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. In adolescents and youth with different suicidal risk, these feelings of burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness are associated with the recognition of psychological problems, and feelings of burden are associated with the recognition of aggressive behavior. The feeling of thwarted belongingness is associated with aggressive behavior only in adolescents and young people with suicidal thoughts and actions.
Conclusion. The association of feelings of burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness with the recognition of psychological problems in different suicidal risk groups, and the association of feelings of burden with the recognition of aggressive behavior indicates the importance of interpersonal communication factors in understanding subjective well-being in adolescents and young adults in general.
Ardelt, M., Day, L. (2002). Parents, siblings, and peers: Close social relationships and adolescent deviance. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 22 (3), 310–349.
Belobrykina, O.A., Limonchenko, R.A. (2017). Features of experiencing psychological problems in deviant adolescents. National Psychological Journal, 4 (28), 129–138.
Chuloshnikov, A. (2020). To the question of psychological pain and its classification. The Future of Clinical Psychology — 2020: Proceedings of the IVX AllRussian Scientific and Practical Conference (pp. 157–161). Perm’. (In Russ.).
Demenko, E.G., Rasskazova, E.I., Tkhostov, A.Sh., Bryun, E.A., Arshinova, V.V. (2018). Psychological diagnosis of risk factors for adolescent involvement in drug use development of a methodological complex. Part 1. Scale structure and psychometric properties. Obozrenie psikhiatrii i meditsinskoi psikhologii imeni V.M. Bekhtereva, 3, 32–39. https://doi.org/ 10.31363/2313-7053-2018-3-32-39 (In Russ.).
Enikolopov, S.N. (2007). Deviant behavior. In B.Z. Meshcheryakov, V.P. Zinchenko (Eds.). Large psychological dictionary (p. 110). M: Praim-Evroznak. (In Russ.).
Hale, C.J., Hannum, J.W., Espelage, D.L. (2010). Social Support and Physical Health: The Importance of Belonging. Journal of American College Health, 53 (6), 276–284.
Goode, E. (2016). Deviant Behavior. New York.
Joiner, T.E. (2005). Why people die by suicide. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Kholmogorova, A.B. (2018). In search of psychological risk factors for suicide: a paradigm shift. Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 26 (1), 167–174. (In Russ.).
Klonsky, E.D., May, A.M. (2015). The Three-Step Theory (3ST): A New Theory of Suicide Rooted in the “Ideation-to-Action” Framework. International Journal of Cognitive Therapy, 8 (2), 114–129.
Krichevets, A.N., Korneev, A.A., Rasskazova, E.I. (2019). Fundamentals of statistics for psychologists. Moscow: Akropol’. (In Russ.).
Lyubov, E. (2012). The media and imitative suicidal behavior. Part I. Suicidology, 3, 3 (8), 20–29. (In Russ.).
MacDonald, G., Leary, M.R. (2005). Why Does Social Exclusion Hurt? The Relationship Between Social and Physical Pain. Psychological Bulletin, 131 (2), 202–223.
Mahalik, J.R., Coley, R.L., McPherran Lombardi, C., Doyle Lynch, A., Markowitz, A.J., Jaffe, S.R. (2013). Changes in health risk behaviors for males and females from early adolescence through early childhood. Health Psychology, 32 (6), 685–694.
Mazaeva, N., Kravchenko, N., Zikeev, S. (2016). Self-destructive behavior of adolescents. Modern Therapy in Psychiatry and Neurology, 30–34. (In Russ.).
Moak, Z.W., Agrawal, A. (2010). The association between perceived interpersonal social support and physical and mental health: results from the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. J Public Health, 32 (2), 191–201. https://doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fdp093
Nock, M.K. (2010). Self-Injury. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 339–363.
Pirkis, J., Burgess, P., Francis, C., Warwick Blood, R., Jolley, D. (2006). The relationship between media reporting of suicide and actual suicide in Australia. Social Science & Medicine, 62 (11), 2874–2886.
Pol’skaya, N.V. (2015). Self-destructive behavior in adolescence and adolescence. Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 4, 176–188. (In Russ.).
Rasskazova, E., Sadovnichaja, V. (2022). Relationship to physical and psychological pain as factors of deviant behavior in Russian female adolescents. European Psychiatry, 65 (S1), 318.
Sadovnichaya, V., Rasskazova, E., Tkhostov, A. (2021). Relationship to pain and suicidal-related experience: Validation of Discomfort Intolerance Scale и The Pain Catastrophizing Scale in Russian female adolescents. European Psychiatry, 64 (1), 740.
Stack, S. (2005). Suicide in the Media: A Quantitative Review of Studies Based on Nonfictional Stories. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 35 (2), 121–133.
Steinberg, L. (2008). A social neuroscience perspective on adolescent risk-taking. Developmental Review, 28 (1), 78–106.
Taylor, S.E. (2011). Social support: A review. The Oxford handbook of health psychology. Oxford University Press.
Tormosina, N. (2013). Psychological study of gender and age characteristics of self-destructive behavior. Bulletin of the University. State University of Management, 2, 299–303. (In Russ.).
Uchino, B.N. (2009). Understanding the Links between Social Support and Physical Health: A Life-Span Perspective with Emphasis on the Separability of Perceived and Received Support. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 236–255.
Van Orden, K., Cukrowicz, K., Witte, T., Joiner, T. (2012). Thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness: Construct validity and psychometric properties of the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire. Psychological Assessment, 24 (1), 197–215.
Vasyagina, N.N., Barinova, E.S., Grigoryan, E.N., Shempeleva, N.I. (2023). Relationship between the risk of suicidal behavior and personal resources of students. National Psychological Journal, 1 (49), 114–125.
Zmanovskaya, E.V. (2004). Deviantology: (Psychology of Deviant Behavior): A textbook. Moscow: Akademiya. (In Russ.).
Keywords: interpersonal needs; suicidal risk; adolescence; youth; deviant behavior
Available online since: 21.11.2023
This work is licensed under a Сreative Commons Atribiution - NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0)